Origins of Stewarts of Scotland


1.  ALAN.

     Alan was first on record as Cadet of the Counts of Dals and Dinnan in Brittany. He crossed to England and was appointed Sheriff of Shropshire by Henry I.


     He married UNKNOWN.



            2.       i       WALTER FITZ-ALLAN.


Second Generation



     Walter was the first to hold the office of "Great Steward of Scotland". In 1135  David I, King of Scots, appointed Walter Fitz Alan first High Steward of the royal household in appreciation for Walter's loyalty to the Emprress Maud (Matilda), niece of the king. With the title, Walter received land in what is now Renfrew, Paisley, Pollok, and Cathcart. King Malcolm IV later confirmed to Walter and his heirs both the hereditary office of Lord High Steward of Scotland and the lands which David I had granted.


     Walter founded the Abbey of Paisley, in the barony of Renfrew, circa. 1136, and married Eschina de Londonia, Lady of Moll, in Roxburghshire, by whom he had a son, Alan. When Walter died in 1177, Alan succeeded his father as second High Steward.





            3.       i       ALAN.


Third Generation


3.  ALAN, d. 1204.

     When Alan's father, Walter, died in 1177, Alan succeeded his father as second High Steward. Alan died in 1204, leaving a son, Walter, who was appointed justiciary of Scotland by Alexander II, in addition to High Steward. Walter died in 1246, leaving four sons and three daughters.



            4.       i       WALTER STEWART.


Fourth Generation


4.  WALTER STEWART, d. 1246.

     Walter, who was appointed justiciary of Scotland by Alexander II, in addition to High Steward, was the progenitor of the House Stewart and the first to assume the surname of Stewart which was the same as his office, "Steward". Walter died in 1246, leaving four sons and three daughters. The eldest son, Alexander, married Jean, daughter and heiress of James, lord of Bute, and, in her right, seized both the Isles of Bute and Arran. Walter, the third son, was Earl of Menteith.


     He married UNKNOWN.



            5.       i       ALEXANDER STEWART.

                      ii     WALTER STEWART, occupation EARL of MONTEITH.


Fifth Generation


5.     ALEXANDER STEWART, d. 1286.

     Alexander defeated the Danes in 1263. Alexander had two sons-James, his successor, and John, known as Sir John Stewart of Bonkyl, who died at the battle of Falkirk in 1298. Sir John had seven sons-Sir Alexander, of the Earls of Angus, Sir Alan of Dreghorn, of the Earls and Dukes of Lennox; Sir Walter, of the Earls of Galloway; Sir James, of the Earls of Athole, Buchan, and Traquair, and the Lords of Lorn and Innermeath; Sir John, killed at Halidonhill in 1333; Sir Hugh, who fought in Ireland under Edward Bruce; and Sir Robert of Daldowie.


     He married JEAN, (daughter of JAMES LORD of BUTE).



            6.       i       JAMES STEWART.

                      ii     JOHN (of BONKYL) STEWART, d. 1298, BATTLE of FALKIRK.

                             Sir John had seven sons-Sir Alexander, of the Earls of Angus, Sir Alan of Dreghorn, of the Earls and Dukes of Lennox; Sir Walter, of the Earls of Galloway; Sir James, of the Earls of Athole, Buchan, and Traquair, and the Lords of Lorn and Innermeath; Sir John, killed at Halidonhill in 1333; Sir Hugh, who fought in Ireland under Edward Bruce; and Sir Robert of Daldowie.


Sixth Generation


6.  JAMES STEWART, d. 1309.

     James succeeded as the fifth High Steward of Scotland in 1283. On the death of Alexander III in 1286, James was one of the six magnates of Scotland chosen to act as regents of the kingdom. Sworn to Edward I of England in the Ragman Roll of 1296, James later supported Sir William Wallace and Robert the Bruce in their struggle for Scottish independence. He died in 1309.


     He married UNKNOWN.



            7.       i       WALTER STEWART b. 1293.


Seventh Generation



     The first recorded ancestor of the Stewarts was nobly born Breton named Alan, who was a "daipifer" or steward to the Count of Dol in the late eleventh century. Alan the "dapifer" had a son named Flaad who sought advancement in Britain, where he had land on the Welsh Marshes in the reign of Henry I. Flaad's grandson Walter won the favor of David I, who granted  him the barony

     of Renfrew and appointed him High Steward of Scotland. The office became hereditary and hence the Stewart name. Walter was the sixth holder of title.


     He married MARJORY BRUCE, 1315, in SCOTLAND, b. CIRCA 1297, DUNDONALD, KYLE AYRSHIRE,SCOTLAND, (daughter of ROBERT the BRUCE and ISABELLA of MAR) d. 2 Mar 1316, SCOTLAND, buried: 1316, ABBEY of PAISLEY, SCOTLAND.


     MARJORY: Margery was the daughter of Robert I "the Bruce" King of Scotland from his marriage to Isabella of Mar. Margery married Sir Walter Stewart who was a young knight and sixth family holder of the High Steward of Scotland. This marriage produced a son Robert Stewart who was to later become Robert II, King of Scotland (1371-90). Robert's birth was considered something of a miracle since he was delivered by caesarian section from his mother's body who died after a fall from her horse. (source:Kings and Queens of Scotland).



            8.       i       ROBERT STEWART II b. Mar-1316.


Eighth Generation



     When Robert II came to throne, a fourteen years' truce with England still had twelve years to run, though unofficial warfare on the border continued with England. Full scale war broke out in 1385 as a by-product of the Hundred Years' War between England and France. Scotland became involved through assistance to France. Throughout this period Robert II was ever weak in his control of the state. In 1384 he appointed his heir John, Earl of Carrick, to enforce authority on his behalf.


     He married (1) ELIZABETH MURE, CIRCA 1336, in SCOTLAND, b. 1330, ROWALLAN, SCOTLAND, (daughter of SIR ADAM MURE of ROWALLAN and UNKNOWN) occupation QUEEN, d. CIRCA 1355, SCOTLAND.


     ELIZABETH: Elizabeth was Robert II's first wife, to whom he was related within the "forbidden degrees" of kinship. This required a papal dispensation to have their marriage and heirs recognized by the church and state. Robert II and Elizabeth may not have at first known of this requirement, for it was some years after the birth of their children that they applied for dispensation. This became a growing concern of Robert II's second family and heirs from his marriage to Euphemia of Ross following Elizabeth's death.



            9.       i       JOHN STEWART b. 1337.

            10.     ii     ROBERT STEWART b. CIRCA 1339.

                     iii       WALTER STEWART, b. CIRCA 1340, SCOTLAND, d. SCOTLAND.

                     iv       MARGARET STEWART, b. CIRCA 1342, SCOTLAND, d. CIRCA 1410, SCOTLAND.


                             She married JOHN de YLE, in SCOTLAND, occupation 7th LORD OF THE ISLES.


                      v       ELIZABETH STEWART, b. 1343, SCOTLAND, d. CIRCA 1389, SCOTLAND.


                             She married THOMAS HAY, 7 Nov 1376, in SCOTLAND, occupation EARL of ERROL.


                     vi       MARJORIE STEWART, b. CIRCA 1344, SCOTLAND, d. 13 Oct 1413, SCOTLAND.


                             She married (1) JOHN DUNBAR, 11 Jul 1371, in SCOTLAND, occupation 2nd SON OF EARL of MARCH.

                             She married (2) ALEXANDER KEITH, CIRCA 1391-1403, in SCOTLAND.


            11.       vii       ALEXANDER STEWART b. CIRCA 1345.

                     viii       JANE STEWART, b. CIRCA 1350, SCOTLAND, d. 4 Nov 1382, SCOTLAND.


                             She married JOHN LYON, 1376, in SCOTLAND.


                     ix       CATHERINE STEWART, b. CIRCA 1362, DUNDONALD, SCOTLAND.


                             She married DAVID LINDSAY, in SCOTLAND, b. 1359, GLENESK, SCOTLAND, occupation LORD CRAWFORD.




     He married (2) EUPHEMIA (of ROSS) LESLIE, 2 May 1355, in SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND, (daughter of HUGH EARL OF ROSS and UNKNOWN) occupation QUEEN, d. 1387, SCOTLAND.


     EUPHEMIA: Robert II married Euphemia following papal dispensation on 2 May 1355. Euphemia was the widow of John Randolph, Earl of Moray.



            12.     x       DAVID STEWART b. CIRCA 1356.

                     xi       WALTER STEWART, b. SCOTLAND, occupation EARL OF ATHOLL, d. SCOTLAND.

                             Walter was Earl of Caithness, on resignation of his niece Euphemia in 1390 and created Earl of Atholl in 1409.


                             He married MARGARET de BARCLAY, 19 Oct 1378, in SCOTLAND, (daughter of DAVID de BARCLAY).




                     xii       ELIZABETH STEWART, b. CIRCA 1362, SCOTLAND.


                             She married DAVID LINDSAY, 22 Feb 1374, in SCOTLAND.


                     xiii       EDIGIA STEWART, b. CIRCA 1362, SCOTLAND.


                             She married WILLIAM DOUGLAS, 1387, in SCOTLAND.


Ninth Generation


9.  JOHN STEWART, b. 1337, SCOTLAND, occupation KING OF SCOTS (1390-1401), d. 4 Apr 1406, DUNDONALD, AYRSHIRC, SCOTLAND.

     John, Earl of Carrick, moved to the throne as Robert III. Robert III was considered a weak ruler. He delegated much of his authority to his brother, Robert, Earl of Fife (later Duke of Albany and Governor of Scotland). In 1393 Robert III decided to resume his responsibilities and relieved his brother of authority. In 1399 Robert III delegated his authority to his eldest son David, Duke of Rothesay. In 1401 David, who had proven himself incompetent to govern & refused to resign at his father's request was arrested and placed in his brother Robert's custody where he died in 1406.


     He married ANNABELLA DRUMMOND, CIRCA 1367, in SCOTLAND, (daughter of JOHN (of STOBHALL) DRUMMOND and UNKNOWN) occupation QUEEN, d. 1401, SCOTLAND.



                      i       DAVID STEWART, b. 24 Oct 1378, SCOTLAND, occupation DUKE OF ROTHESAY, d. 26 Mar 1402, FALKLAND CASTLE, SCOTLAND.

                             David was Steward of Scotland and Earl of Carrick. He was created Duke of Rothesay on 28 April 1398.

                      ii     ROBERT STEWART.

                             Robert died a young infant.

            13.       iii       JAMES STEWART I b. 1395.

                     iv       MARGARET STEWART.


                             She married ARCHIBALD 4TH EARL OF DOUGLAS.


                      v       MARY STEWART, d. 1458, SCOTLAND, buried: 1458, STRATHBLANE CHURCH, SCOTLAND.


                             She married (1) GEORGE DOUGLAS, 1397, in SCOTLAND.


                             GEORGE: George was Earl of Angus.

                             She married (2) JAMES (of DUNURE) KENNEDY, 1404, in SCOTLAND.

                             She married (3) WILLIAM 1ST LORD OF GRAHAM, 1413, in SCOTLAND.

                             She married (4) WILLIAM (of DUNTREATH) EDMONSTONE, 1425, in SCOTLAND.


                     vi       EGIDIA STEWART.

                     vii       ELIZABETH STEWART.


                             She married JAMES DOUGLAS.


                             JAMES: James was Lord of Dalkeith.



       Robert, Earl of Fife and later Duke of Albany and Goveror of Scotland, was a man of ruthless ambition. His brother Robert III allowed him authority to run the affairs of state until 1393 when King Robert III reassumed his royal responsibilities for the next six years. Robert III then delegated his authority to his eldest son David. In 1401 David had proven to be so incompetent Robert III had him arrested and placed in custody of his brother Robert where he died. His brother the Duke was suspected to be responsible.


       He married (1) MARGARET MURDOCK GRAHAM, 9 Sep 1361, in SCOTLAND, b. 1334, SCOTLAND, (daughter of JOHN (of ABERCORN)  GRAHAM and MARY Countess of MONTEITH) occupation COUNTESS of MENTIETH, d. 1380, SCOTLAND.



            14.     i       LADY MARJORY (MARGARET) STEWART b. CIRCA 1360.

            15.     ii     MURDOCK STEWART b. CIRCA 1362.

                     iii       JANET STEWART.

                             Janet was betrothed on 20 July 1372 as a child to David, infant son of Sir Bartholomew de Leon and Lady Philippa Moubray, but it is doubtful if the marriage took place.

                     iv       MARIA STEWART.


                             She married WILLIAM (of SALTOUN), d. 14 Sep 1401, SCOTLAND.


                      v       ISOBEL STEWART.


                             She married (1) ALEXANDER LESLIE.


                             ALEXANDER: Alexander was Earl of Ross.

                             She married (2) WALTER (of DIRLETON) HALIBURTON.




       He married (2) MURIELLA KEITH, (daughter of WILLIAM KEITH and UNKNOWN).



            16.       vi       JOHN STEWART.

                     vii       ANDREW STEWART.

                     viii       ROBERT STEWART.

                             Robert was Earl of Ross while living.

                     ix       MARJORY STEWART.


                             She married DUNCAN (of LOCHAW) CAMPBELL.


                             DUNCAN: Duncan was First Lord of Campbell.


11.     ALEXANDER STEWART, b. CIRCA 1345, SCOTLAND, occupation EARL of BUCHAN, d. 1 Aug 1405, SCOTLAND.

       Alexander was Earl of Buchan. He was also known as "The Wolf."


       He married UNKNOWN.



                      i       MARGARET STEWART, b. CIRCA 1373, SCOTLAND, d. CIRCA 1439, SCOTLAND.


                             She married ROBERT SUTHERLAND.



       David was Earl Palatine of Strathearn and Earl of Caithness.


       He married EUPHEME LINDSAY.



            17.     i       EUPHEMIA STEWART.


Tenth Generation



       From the age of eleven to the age of twenty-nine King James I had lived in England, sometimes a prisoner in the Tower and sometimes a participant in the life of the Court. In 1424 he returned to Scotland with his new Queen and set about to restore order and law in his country. Perth became his favorite place of residence. James I fell victim of a conspiracy to put Walter, Earl

       of Atholl, the younger son of Euphemia of Ross, on the throne. On 20 Feb.1437 conspirators stabbed James to death in his bedchambers. Executions followed.


       He married JOAN BEAUFORT, 1424, in SOUTHWARK CATHEDRAL, b. ENGLAND, occupation QUEEN, d. 1445, SCOTLAND, buried: 1445, CHURCH OF CHARTERHOUSE OF PERTH.



            18.     i       JAMES STEWART II b. 16--Oct-1430.

                      ii     ALEXANDER STEWART, b. 16 Oct 1430, SCOTLAND.

                             Alexander was Duke of Rothesay and died in infancy.

                     iii       MARGARET STEWART.


                             She married LOUIS (of FRANCE) DAUPHIN, 24 Jun 1436, in SCOTLAND.




       She married DUNCAN CAMPBELL of LOCHOW, b. SCOTLAND, occupation LORD OF ARGYL.



            19.     i       SIR COLIN (of GLENURQUBY) CAMPBELL b. CIRCA 1382.



       When Robert Stewart Duke of Albany died at the age of about eighty-one, his son Murdock Stewart succeeded him as Governor of Scotland. His attempt at governing foundered after four years of futile misrule. In 1424 King James I, his cousin, returned to Scotland after eighteen years of imprisonment in England. Since James I's kingship had been at risk while imprisoned in

       England, he did not intend for it to be threatened upon his return to Scotland. In 1425 he ordered Murdock & his two sons beheaded at Sterling.


       He married ISABEL of LENNOX, 17 Feb 1391, in SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND, (daughter of DUNCAN of LENNOX and HELEN CAMPBELL) occupation COUNTESS OF LENNOX, d. CIRCA 1457, buried: CIRCA 1457, INCHMIRIAH CASTLE, LOCH LOMOND, SCOTLAND.



                      i       ROBERT STEWART, b. Jul 1421, SCOTLAND, occupation MASTER of FIFE.

            20.     ii     SIR WALTER (of LENNOX) STEWART.

                     iii       SIR ALEXANDER STEWART, b. SCOTLAND, d. 25 May 1425, BEHEADED AT STERLING CASTLE, SCOTLAND.

            21.       iv       JAMES MHOR (of ALBANY) STEWART the GROSS.

            22.     v       ISABELLA STEWART.

                     vi       DAUGHTER.



       John was 3rd Earl of Buchan on the resignation of his father on 20 Sept 1406 and Chamberlain of Scotland soon after.





                      i       MARGARET STEWART.


                             She married GEORGE SETON.


                             GEORGE: George was First Lord of Seton.



       Euphemia was Countess Palantine of Strathearn and Countess of Caithness, which latter Earldom she resigned to her uncle, Walter Stewart. She married her cousin Patrick Graham of Kilpont.


       She married PATRICK (of Kilpont) GRAHAM, Dec 1406, d. Oct 1415.



                      i       MALISE GRAHAM.

                             He was 3rd Earl of Strathearn and was during his childhood divested of that Earldom on the pretense that it was a male fee and was created instead Earl of Mentieth on 6 Sept 1427.

                      ii     EUPHEMIA GRAHAM, d. CIRCA 1468-69.


                             She married (1) ARCHIBALD 5TH EARL OF DOUGLAS, 1425, in SCOTLAND, d. 26 Jun 1439, SCOTLAND.

                             She married (2) JAMES 1ST LORD OF HAMILTON.


                     iii       ELIZABETH GRAHAM.


                             She married JOHN (of GLAMIS) LYON.


Eleventh Generation


18.  JAMES STEWART II, b. 16--Oct-1430, SCOTLAND, occupation KING OF SCOTS (1437-60), d. 3 Aug 1460, ROXBURGH CASTLE, SCOTLAND.


       He married MARY GUELDRES, 3 Jul 1449, in SCOTLAND, (daughter of ARNOLD GUELDRES and UNKNOWN) d. 1 Dec 1463, EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND, buried: 1463, TRIN. COLL. CHURCH, EDINBURGH, SCOTLAND.



                      i       JAMES STEWART III.

                             James was Duke of Rothesay and succeeded his father to the thrown as James Stewart III.


19.  SIR COLIN (of GLENURQUBY) CAMPBELL, b. CIRCA 1382, SCOTLAND, occupation 1st of GLENORCHY, d. 1478, SCOTLAND.

       Sir Colin Campbell was of the Laird of Glenurquby, Argyllshire, predecessor of Earl of Bradalbine.


       He married MARGARET (of KEIR) STERLING, b. of KEIR, SCOTLAND, (daughter of LUKE STERLING of KEIR and UNKNOWN).



            23.     i       MARION (MARIOTA) HELEN CAMPBELL.




       He married CAMPBELL, in SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND.



                      i       MARIOT STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.


21.  JAMES MHOR (of ALBANY) STEWART the GROSS, b. SCOTLAND, occupation 1st of BALDORRAN, d. CIRCA 1451, IRELAND.

       James reacted to his father's execution by leading an attack on Dumbarton, burning it and killing the governor of the castle, John Stewart. He fled to Ireland where he later died. He was ancestor to the Stewarts of Ardvorlich. James and Lady MacDonald were not married.





                      i       ANDREW STEWART, occupation LORD of AVONDALE.

                             King James II invited Andrew, the eldest son of James, to return to Scotland and was appointed Lord Avondale in 1459.

                      ii     MURDOCH (of ALBANY) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

                     iii       ARTHUR STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

            24.       iv       JAMES (1st of BALDORRAN) STEWART the BEAG.

                      v       ROBERT STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

                     vi       MATILDA STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

                     vii       ALEXANDER STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

            25.       viii       WALTER (of MORPHIE) STEWART b. 1440.




       She married SIR WALTER BUCHANAN, in SCOTLAND.



                      i       THOMAS BUCHANAN, b. SCOTLAND.


Twelfth Generation




       She married WILLIAM (2nd of BALDORRAN) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND, (son of JAMES (1st of BALDORRAN) STEWART the BEAG and ANNABEL BUCHANAN) occupation 2nd of BALDORRAN.


       WILLIAM: His full name was William of Baldorran, Balquhidder, Perthshire. William received the office of hereditary Royal Baillie of Balquhidder. It was this William and his son Walter, who held the townships listed in the Exchequer Rolls of 1488. In the portioning of Balquhidder which took place during the sixteenth century, the descendants of Sir William Stewart of Baldorran gained hereditary tacks of land.



            26.     i       WALTER (4th of BALDORRAN) STEWART.

            27.     ii     JOHN (1st of GLENBUCKIE) STEWART b. CIRCA 1503.

                     iii       ANDREW (of GARTNAFUERARAN) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.


24.  JAMES (1st of BALDORRAN) STEWART the BEAG, b. IRELAND, occupation 2nd of BALDORRAN.

       James returned to Scotland and was accepted and granted the lands of Baldorran.


       He married ANNABEL BUCHANAN, (daughter of SIR PATRICK BUCHANAN and UNKNOWN).



            28.     i       WILLIAM (2nd of BALDORRAN) STEWART.


25.  WALTER (of MORPHIE) STEWART, b. 1440, SCOTLAND, occupation KNIGHT OF MORPHY, d. 1513, SCOTLAND.

       Walter was the grandfather of a later, Andrew Stewart, Second Lord Avondale in 1501.  From this Andrew came three sons, Andrew Stewart, Third Lord of Avondale, later Lord Ochiltree; Henry Stewart created Lord Methven in 1528; and James Stewart of Beith, father of James, Lord Doune.


       He married ELIZABETH ARNOT, b. SCOTLAND.



            29.     i       ALEXANDER STUART.

                      ii     JOHN STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

                     iii       GEORGE (of JOHNSTON) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

                     iv       MARGARET STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.


Thirteenth Generation


26.  WALTER (4th of BALDORRAN) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND, occupation 4th of BALDORRAN.

       Walter succeeded his father as Royal Baillie. Walter's sword of that office hangs in the House of Ardvorlich. His brother, John Stewart founded the family of Stewarts of Glenbuckie in Balquhidder, who held that estate for almost three centuries.





            30.     i       JAMES (5th of BALDORRAN) STEWART.

                      ii     ALEXANDER STEWART, b. 1560, SCOTLAND.


                             He married MARGARET DRUMMOND OF DRUMMOND ERINOCH.


27.  JOHN (1st of GLENBUCKIE) STEWART, b. CIRCA 1503, SCOTLAND, occupation 1st of GLENBUCKY.

       John Stewart founded the family of Stewarts of Glenbuckie in Balquhidder. His family held that estate for almost three centuries.


       He married BUCHANAN, (daughter of PATRICK (of MacCARTHE) BUCHANAN and UNKNOWN).


       BUCHANA: She was the daughter of Patrick Buchanan of MacCarthe, ancestor of the

       Laird of Arnprior, Ochlesy, MacCarthe, and Desclelles.



            31.     i       PATRICK STEWART.

            32.     ii     DUNCAN (2nd of GLENBUCKIE) STEWART.

                     iii       ROBERT STEWART.


28.  WILLIAM (2nd of BALDORRAN) STEWART, b. SCOTLAND, occupation 2nd of BALDORRAN.

       His full name was William of Baldorran, Balquhidder, Perthshire. William received the office of hereditary Royal Baillie of Balquhidder. It was this William and his son Walter, who held the townships listed in the Exchequer Rolls of 1488. In the portioning of Balquhidder which took place during the sixteenth century, the descendants of Sir William Stewart of Baldorran gained hereditary tacks of land.


       He married (1) MARION (MARIOTA) HELEN CAMPBELL, (See marriage to number 23).



                           (See marriage to number 23)



       He married (2) UNKNOWN.



                     iv       JAMES (of BALQUHIDDER) STEWART.







            33.     i       ANDREW (2nd LORD of AVONDALE) STUART.


Fourteenth Generation



       James sold Baldorran to the Glorat family. Some researchers have suspected, without firm proof, that the son, Patrick, born of James (5th of Baldorran) Stewart and the MacLaren daughter of Patrick MacLaren of Balquhidder, was a "handfast marriage." This was  a Celtic custom where a couple could unite for a year on a trial contract and any children being born from this contract were the responsibility of the father.


       He married (1) MacLAREN, (daughter of PATRICK (of BALQUHIDDER) MacLAREN).



                      i       PATRICK STEWART.

                             Patrick was given the hereditary tack of Lednascriden in the Barony of Balquhidder circa 1533 and was considered to be the founder of the Stewarts of Lednascriden.


       He married (2) STEWART, in SCOTLAND, (daughter of PATRICK STEWART and DAUGHTER to LECKY (of that ILK)).


       STEWART: She was the daughter of Patrick Stewart of Glenbuckie, Perthshire.



                      ii     ALEXANDER (1st of ARDVORLICH) (ALASTAIR) STEWART, b. CIRCA 1560, SCOTLAND.

                             Alexander acquired Ardvorlich, Perthshire, Scotland around 1580. This was an estate adjoining the eastern boundary of Balquhidder. The Stewarts of Ardvorlich still reside on the original estate. Alexander Stewart acquired Advorlich as a freeholder of the Crown.  He became leader of a clan which, according to Duncan Stewart in his "History of the Stewarts", numbered about three hundered people.  Alexander and his descendants were known by the Gaelic patronymic Mac-Mhic-Bhaltair, "sons of the son of Walter".


                             Alexander Stewart acquired Advorlich in 1580 as a freeholder of the Crown.  He became leader of a clan which, according to Duncan Stewart in his "History of the Stewarts", numbered about three hundered people.  Alexander and his descendants were known by the Gaelic patronymic Mac-Mhic-Bhaltair, "sons of the son of Walter".


                             This is the family that was allegedly responsible for the outlawing of the Clan MacGregor, though MacGregors today dispute the common historical record.


                             The story goes like this:

                             Alexander's brother-in-law, John Drummond, who was keeper of the Royal Forest, found a group of MacGregors poaching in the forest.  As punishment he cut off their ears and sent them home humiliated.  The MacGregor clan rose in defence, killing Drummond and delivering his head to the dinner table of the Ardvorlich Stewarts while Alexander was away.  At the sight of her brother's severed head on her dinner table, Margaret allegedly went nuts and ran off into the woods not to be found for days.  Further legend has it that she was pregnant at the time and the shock sent her into labour and she delivered James Baeg in the forest.


                             In 1592 Alister Stewart of Ardvorlich led a cattle raid in Lennox with two bagpipes leading the way.  Whether or not Alister is the same this Alexander (Alister is Gaelic for Alexander) is not clear.  Thus it's possible that there are two successive Alexander Stewarts of Ardvorlich (father and son) and that this person is a confusion of the two.


                             He married MARGARET DRUMMOND-ERNOCH, (daughter of JOHN DRUMMOND-ERNOCH).


                             MARGARET: She was the daughter of the Drummond keeper of the Royal Forest of Glenartney. Margaret was also the sister of Drummond-Enoch who was shocked by the severed head of her brother delivered to her door by the MacGregors.


                     iii       JOHN STEWART, b. SCOTLAND.

                             John was the ancestor of the Stewarts of Annat, Ballachallan, and Craigtoun, Perthshire, Scotland. He was the progenitor of the Stewarts of Annat.



       Patrick had twelve sons who came to maturity but died before his own death.


       He married (1) DAUGHTER to LECKY (of that ILK), in SCOTLAND.



                      i       STEWART, (See marriage to number 30.)



       He married (2) DAUGHTER to EDMONDSTON (of BROICH), in SCOTLAND.


32.  DUNCAN (2nd of GLENBUCKIE) STEWART,[2] b. SCOTLAND, occupation 2nd of GLENBUCKY.

       This marriage forged a link with the old ruling house. The new marriage alliance established itself in several holdings in the district. In Robert the First Duke of Albany, later Robert II of Scotland, they shared a common ancestor with the king.


       He married MacLAREN (of AUCHLESKIN), (daughter of MacLAREN CHIEF of CLAN LABHRAN and UNKNOWN).



                      i       ALEXANDER (3rd of GLENBUCKY) STEWART, b. CIRCA 1553, SCOTLAND.

                             Alexander married his second cousin. He sold his right and title of Glenbucky to his next older brother, Duncan Stewart.


                             He married STEWART.


33.  ANDREW (2nd LORD of AVONDALE) STUART, occupation GROOM of the STOLE, d. 1548, SCOTLAND.

       Andrew served as the Groom of the Stole to King James IV (1488-1513) of Scotland. Andrew exchanged the Lordship of Evandale-Annandale for the Barony of Ochiltree and became the ancestor of the Lords of Ochiltree. By his marriage to Margaret, he created the Earl of Arran on August 10, 1503.


       He married (1) BEATRIX DRUMMOND, in SCOTLAND, b. SCOTLAND, (daughter of LORD JOHN DRUMMOND and UNKNOWN).



                      i       ANDREW (3rd LORD of AVONDALE) STUART, b. CIRCA 1500, SCOTLAND.

                             Andrew inherited the title of Avondale and was also created as Lord Ochiltree.

                      ii     HENRY (LORD of METHVEN) STUART, b. CIRCA 1504, SCOTLAND.

                             Henry was created Lord of Methven in 1528.

                     iii       JAMES (of BEITH) STUART, b. CIRCA 1506, SCOTLAND.



                     iv       CHRISTIAN STUART, b. CIRCA 1508, SCOTLAND.


                             She married JOHN BOSSWELL of AUCHINLECK, in SCOTLAND.


                      v       MARJORY STUART, b. CIRCA 1514, SCOTLAND.


                             She married JOHN KNOX, CIRCA 1563, in SCOTLAND, b. CIRCA 1514, GIFFORD, EAST LOTHIAN, SCOTLAND.


                             JOHN: John Knox, Founder of Presbyterianism:

                             The following is a laudatory biography from the Encyclopedia of the Presbyterian Church in the United States of America by Alfred Nevin, 1884:


                             He was born in 1505 at Gifford, in East Lothian, and was educated at Haddington and St. Andrew's. After he was created Master of Arts, he taught philosophy, most probably as a regent in one of the colleges of the University. His class became celebrated, and he was considered as equlling if not excelling, his master, in the subtleties of the dialectic art. About the same time (1530), although he had no interest [support from influencial men] but what was procured by his won merit, he was advanced to clerical orders, and ordained a priest before he reached the age fixed by the canons of the Church. At this time, the fathers of the Early Church, Jerome and Augustine, attracted his particular attention. By the writings of Jerome, he was led to the Scriptures as the only pure fountain of divine truth [revelation] and to believe the utility of studying scripture in their original languages instead of Latin in the opposite to those taught in the Romish Church, who while she retained his name as a saint in her calendar, had banished his doctine as heretical. From this time Knox renounced the study of Scholastic Theology.


                             Knox first betrayed his change of sentiment in certain lectures in the University at St. Andrew's where his youthful and noble countryman, Patrick Hamilton, for his advocacy of the doctrines of redemption, had perished in the fire. His defection aroused the clergy to denounce him as a traitor, and deprive him of his priesthood. He escaped death only by timely flight from the vengeance of Cardinal Beaton, who had engaged his emissaries to lay hold of him. Knox found protection under Douglas, of Langniddrie, and employment as a Tutor. Knox next appears in the company of George Wishart, the Scottish schoolmaster, who, having received the doctrinces of the Reformation, began to preach them, probably about 1536. The sword which was carried before the preacher after the attembt to assassinate him in Dundee was borne by Knox. On the night when the noble martyr was arrested, at the Cardinal's command, he ordered that the sword be taken from his zealous attendant. Knox begged for leave to follow him, but Wishart answered: "Nay, return to your bairnes" (meaning his pupils), "and God bliss you; ane is sufficient for a sacrifice."


                             The cruel martyrdom of him whom Knox revered as his spiritual father, and whom, for his endearing qualities, he cherished as a brother, made a powerful impression on the ardent soul of the Reformer. Knox himself was in constant peril from the bloody foe. We find him, after the murder of the Romanist Beaton, seeking a refuge in St. Andrew's Castle, which the Cardinal's slayers held as a safe resort from the persecution of the Papists. There an event befell him which had the most serious bearing supon all his future. Unitl now, Knox's utterances in favor of Reformed doctrines had been private, consisting in Bible expositions to his pupils and his neighbors. He had never undertaken the place of public preacher, nor did he consider his office as priest enough to justify him in doing so, without a call from a Christian congregation. He received this call in the most unlooked for manner. Among the Protestants taking refuge in St. Andrew's Castle were Sir David Lindsay, of the Mount, the poet, and the scourger of the priesthood, Henry Balnaves, one of those stout barons who lent aid, by pen and sword, to the Scotch Reformation. These men quickly recognized in Knox's ability and skill in giving popular instruction to his pupils the germs of an energy and popular eloquence that were destined to earn him renown. They urged him to undertake the preacher's work. Knox, distrusting his own ability, and entertaining a lofty idea of the importance of the office steadfastly declined. At length, a call to preach having been given him, in such a solemn and unexpected way as to assure him that it came from God, though he feared and trembled, he accepted the office laid upon him. On the day appointed he appeared in the pulpit, and took his text from Daniel vii, 25; "And he shall speak great words against the Most High, and shall wear out the saints of the Most High, and think to change times and laws;" a choice which reveals directly his view of the Papacy, and the confidence with which he anticipated its overthrow. It was a memorable day in Scottish history when Knox first preached in the parish church at St. Andrew's. Brave men held their breath as they listened to his bold and sweeping utterances. Such preaching had not been heard in Scotland for ages. "Others hewed the brances of the Papistry, but he struck at the root." Some rejoiced and took courage, some doubted, some hoped, some feared, many were furious, but all felt that there was a new power in the world; while a few chosen spirits recognized John Knox as the ordained champion and leader of the revolution then beginning in Scotland.


                             Notwithstanding the opposition Knox met with from the clergy, he every day grew bolder in the cause, until the castle of St. Andrew's surrendered to the French, in July, 1547, when he was carried with the garrison into France, and remained a prisoner on board the galleys, until the latter end of 1549. Being then set at liberty, he passed over to England, and arriving in London, was licensed and appointed preacher, first at Berwick, and afterwards at Newcastle. In 1552 he was appointed Chaplain to Edward VI, and preached before the king at Westminster, who recommended Crnmer to give him the living of All-hallows, in London, which Knox declined, not choosing to conform to the English liturgy. On the accession of Queen Mary he went to Geneva, and next to Frankfort, where he took part with the English exiles, who apposed the use of the liturgy, but the other side prevailing. Knox returned to Geneva, and soon after went to Scotland. While engaged in the ministry, he received an invitation to return to Geneva, with which he complied, and in his absence, the bishops passed sentence of death upon him for heresy, against which he drew up an energetic appeal. In 1558 he published his treatise, entitled "The First Blast of the Trumpet against the Monstrous Regiment of Women," chiefly aimed at the cruel government of Queen Mary, of England, and at the attempt of the Queen Regent of Scotland to rule without a parliament. In April, 1559, he would have visited England, but was prevented by the resentment felt by Elizabeth at his late treatise. He therefore proceeded directly to Scotland, where he found a persecution of the Protestants just ready to commence at Stirling.


                             "His appearance at Edinburgh," says Prof. S.J. Wilson, "as sudden and unexpected as the appearance of Elijah at Samaria, created among his enemies as great a panic as though it had been the invasion of a hostile army. Although under sentence of outlawry, and liable at any hour to be arrested and executed, Knox resolved to stand with his brethren at Stirling, and share their dangers and their fate; "by life, by death, or else by both, to glorify God." But from this threatened danger the Lord preserved both him and them. Amidst the throes of incipient civil war, and in verification of his own prediction while a galley slave, he returned to St. Andrew's. The archibishop peremptorily forbade his preaching in the cathedral, and threatened that in case he should dare to do so he would be shot down in the pulpit, by the soldiers. In defiance of the archibishop's threat, and in spite of the remonstrances of his friends, he yet preached.


                             The effects and results of Knox's preaching at this time were marvelous. In the three days at St. Andrew's--the primal See of Scotland--Popery was utterly overthrown, the Reformed worship was set up, images and pictures were torn from the churches and monasteries were demonlished. Knox's doctirne was as fatal to Popish superstition as the fire which ran along the ground, in the plague of the hail, was fatal to the vegetable gods of Egypt. Wheresoever that doctrine went, and it ran very swiftly, Popish power and Popish idolatry, with all the paraphernalia thereof, melted before it. In less than a month after his triumphal appearance at St. Andrew's, Knox's voice was ringing among the rafters of St. Giles and of the Abbey Church at Edinburgh. Chosen at once as pastor of St. Giles, he entered upon his labors in that church, which his name has made historic throughout the world, and where so often "his voice, in an hour, put more life into men than six hundred trumpets could."


                             By the arrival of Queen Mary Stuart at Edinburgh (August, 1561), our Reformer was engaged in a new conflict. The young and beautiful Queen was received by her subjects with harrahs. But she brought from France a spirit steeped in the prejudices of the Romish Church, and a resolution, formed in concert with the House of Lorraine, to resote the old religion in her dominions. Knox was summoned to an interview with the Queen. She charged him, says Dr. MacCrie, "with stirring up her subjects against her, and among other things, upbraied him with sedition, by reason of his book on women's government." He vindicated himself from the charge of disloyalty. The conversation then turned on the nice point of popular resistance to civil power. Knox maintained that a ruler might be resisted, illustrating by the case of a father, who, through madness, tried to slay his children.


                             "Now, Madame, if the children arise, join together, apprehend the father, take the sword from him, bind his hands and keep him in prison till the frenzy be over, think you, Madame, that the children do any wrong? Even so, Madame, is it with the princes that would murder the children of God that are subject unto them."


                             Dazed by the boldness of this answer, the Queen sat some time in silent stupor, and then said, "Well, then, I perceive that my subjects shall obey you, and not me, and will do what they please, and not what I command."


                             "God forbid," replied the Reformer, " "That ever I take upon me to command any to obey me, or to set subjects at liberty to do whatever pleases them. But my travail is that both princes and subjects may obey God. Queens should be nursing mothers to the Church."


                             "But you are not the Church that I will nourish," said the Queen. "I will defend the Church of Rome, for it is, I think, the true Church of God."


                             "Your will, Madame, is no reason, neither doth your thought make the Roman harlot to be the true and immaculate spouse of Jesus Christ."


                             "My conscience is not so," siad the Queen. "Conscience, Madame, requires knowledge, and I fear that right knowledge you have none."


                             "But I have both heard and read."


                             "So, Madame, did the Jews who crucified Christ. Have you heard any teach but such as the Pope and the Cardinals have allowed? You may be assured that such will speak nothing to offend their own estate."


                             "You interpret the Scriptures in one was, "said the Queen, evasively, "and they in another; whom shall I believe, and who shall be judge?"


                             "You shall believe God," replied Knox, "who plainly speaketh in his Word, above your Majesty and the most learned Papists of all Europe." He offered to show that Papal doctrine had no foundation in God's Word.


                             "Well," said she, "you may perchance have opportunity therefor sooner than you think."


                             "Assuredly," said Knox, "if ever I get that in my life, I shall get it sooner than I believe, for the ignorant Papist cannot patiently reason, and the learned and crafy Papist will never come in your audience, Madame, to have the ground of his religion searched out."


                             During this interview with the Queen and her attendant lords, on being questioned concerning his contumacy, Knox answered that he preached nothing but truth, and he dared not preach less. "But," answered one of the lords, "our commands must be obeyed, on pain of death; silence, or the gallows is the alternative." The spirit of Knox was roused by the dastardly insinuation that any human punishment could make him desert the banner of his Saviour, and with that fearless, indescribable courage which disdains the pomp of language or of action, he firmly replied,


                             "My lords, you are mistaken if you think you can intimidate me to do by threats what conscience and God tell me I never shall do, for be it known unto you that it is a matter of no importance to me, when I have finished my work, whether my bones shall bleach in the winds of heaven or rot in the bosom of the earth." Knox having retired, one of the lords said to the Queen, "We may let him alone, for we cannot punish that man."


                             Knox was twice married. His first wife, who died in her twenty-seventh or twenty-eighth year, was Marjory Bowes, the daughter of Richard Bowes, a Captain of Norman Castle, and a scion of a family of distinction in Northumberland. His second marriage (1563) was to a lady considerably younger than himself, Margaret Stewart, daughter of Andrew Lord Stewart of Ochiltree.


                             During his ministry at Edinburgh our Reformer lived not only a very laborious life, being much engrossed with the public affairs of the nascent Church and at the same time devoted to his work as a parish minister, to say nothing of his continual and perhaps in his position unavoidable controversies, more or less personal with the ecclesiastical and political factions of the day, whom he regarded as his own and his country's enemies; but a life not without its social and family enjoyments. He had a fair stipend of four hundred merks Scots, equal to about forty-four pounds of English money of that day, and the value of which may be computed, when it is stated that the amount was considerable higher than that of the salaries of the Judges of the Sourt of Session in Scotland, and not much lower thatn those of the English Judges of the same times. Then he had a good house, which was provided and kept in repair by the municipality; a house previously occupied by the Abbot of Dunfermline. The house is still preserved, with little change, and forms a memorial, hitherto the only memorial of the great Reformer in the scene of so many of his labors. Nor was he, with all his severity of temper, a man indisposed in those days, to exchange friendly and kindly relations with his neighbors, many of whom in ever rank were among his intimate friends, or to give way, when the occasion fitted (perhaps even sometimes when it did not fit), to mirth and humor, of which, as of othe traits of his character, whi writings furnish abundant evidence.


                             An interesting description of Knox's appearance, and especially of his style as a preacher in his later years, is furnished in the Diary of James Melville Melville was at the time a student in St. Andrew's and the period he refers to is the year 1571, when Knox, of rhis personal security, had, not for the first time in his life, taken refuge in that city. "Of all the benefits I had that year, was the coming of that most notable prophet and apostle of our nation, Mr. John Knox, to St. Andrew's who, by the faction of the Queen occupying the castle and town of Edinburgh, was compelled to removed therefrom, with a number of the best, and chose to come to St. Andrew's.. . . Mr. Knox would sometimes come in and repose him in our college-yards, and call us scholars unto him, and bless us, and exhort us to know God and his work in our country, and stand by the good cause; to use our time well and learn the good instructions and follow the good examble of our masters. . . He was very weak. I saw him every day of his doctrine go hulic and fear, with a furring of martriks about his neck, a staff in the one hand, and good, godly Richard Balantyne, his servant, holding up the other oxtar, from the abbey to the parish church, and by the said Richards and another servant lifted up to thepulpit, where he behoved to lean at his first entry, but as he had done with his sermon, he was so active and vigorous that he was like to ding that pulpit in blads and fly out of it."


                             John Knox died november 24th, 1572. He was buried in St. Giles Churchyard, Edinburgh, several lords attending the funeral services. By reason of changes which have since occurred, in the middle of the paved street in that city, the passerby now reads, upon a squre stone, this inscription:




                             Beneath that spot over which now trundles the commerce of a great city, were once laid the remains of him who "never feared the face of man"


                             Knox left many writings behing, some of them polimic, others practical, the majority suggested by occurrences in his life. His principal work was "History of the Reformation of Religion within the Realm of Scotland," etc., to the fourth edition of which are appended all his other works.



       He married (2) MARGARET HAMILTON, in SCOTLAND, (daughter of JAMES HAMILTON and UNKNOWN).






[1]  Historical and Genealogical Account of the Royal Family of Scotland and of the Surname Stewart, by Duncan Stewart, M.A.; printed by W. Sands, etc. and distributed by A. Brymer in Edinburgh, Scotland.

[2]  James Stewart, The Settlements of Western Perthshire-Land and Society North of the Highland Line 1480-1851  (The Penland Press Ltd. 1990).