Compiled by Malcolm S. Gray


While men lived under a patriarchal Government it was natural for them to pay particular attention to Genealogies and to apostate together in tribes and relations for security and local advantage. This kind of Government has invariably been adopted in the early stages of society and is still generally practiced in the more unpolished societies & among uncultivated & savage tribes. We are much delighted with the exact and agreeable manner in which the Hebrews of old kept their genealogies which beside its other uses serves to throw that simple and venerable proof of its authenticity on the whole of their sacred History and indeed the nature of their civil policy led them to be very exact and careful in keeping their genealogies on account of the restoration of dilapidated inheritance to its ancient owners or their nearest relatives at the year of Jubilee. Also among the Highlanders of our own country who keep themselves in clans or tribes & for ages went out in distinct bodies under their chiefs to every national and public enterprise. We will find it a frequent custom among even the poorest class to value themselves on being descendants of some eminent person who was distinguished for his bravery, riches or nobility, and will repeat their pedigree back to that person if they are enquired who they are.


    William BUCHANAN of AUCHMAR led by the honourable <sic>desire of tracing out the origin of his clan and of every family of note among them was at much labour <sic>in rinnafing <sic> every charter and ancient MS. To which he had access that might lead to give the proper account of his subject. Whether he has been able to effect his purpose fully or but moderately I leave it to better judges to determine.


But reading his history it occurred to me that I might from his account together with what was within my own knowledge of what followed trace out my own pedigree to the reign of Malcolm the second, King of Scotland or the year 1012. According to AUCHMAR the BUCHANANS are descended from ANSLEM BUEY [1], son to OKYAN, provincial King of of the south part of Ulster in Ireland, who in their 8th generation assumed the name BUCHANAN and in their 12th succeeded to the Estate of Lenny, and if any part of AUCHMAR’S History can be relied on with confidence I think his account of the ancient families of BUCHANAN and LENNY bids fairest to be correct as he had access to the charters and documents of these families of note. And as I am of the last Cadets of the family of LENNY & was come to years of understanding while my grandfather who lived to the age of ninety was in full possession of his intellect until his last days, and three of his brothers all who lived to upwards of eighty years and by each of whom I have been agreeably entertained in the winter evenings by the rehearsal of ancient things at a time when no newspaper could be seen in a farmer’s house and when general information was acquired by country people by social intercourse in the winter evenings by this source of information I received accounts of many transactions of the foregoing three or four generations, many of which indicate the rudest state of society. In the foregoing pages of this narrative there are lists of the names of my ancestors also a genealogical tree of my ancestors extending to the present time.


[NOTE: By Malcolm S Gray; the lists are hand drawn, as is the tree, I will do my best to copy them in a different format, later]


The ROYS are mentioned as the last cadets of the family of LENNY. There was a talzie <sic> of the estate of LENNY in favour  <sic> of JOHN BUEY [1] (Lady ARNPRIOR’S grandfather) who succeeded to John third Laird of LENNY who died without issue. He, JOHN BUEY [1] & Alexander ROY [2] and Robert ROY his brothers were cousins germane and grandsons to Robert second Laird of LENNY, Robert third being their cousin. The ROYS were mentioned in that talzie <sic> as next in succession to JOHN BUEY [1] & his male heirs. Alexander ROY distinguished himself much in his time in the manner & prowess of his day. He died of the plague. He made his own grave in the churchyard of KILMAHOG and prepared his bed on its brink that he might be deposited in it without danger to his friends by them keeping to the windward. I believe the Plague raged here towards the close of the reign of King James the Sixth. Alexander left one son called John – this John was one of the stoutest men of the country (of this we have an anecdote) Arthur BUCHANAN of MOCHASTEL – who with LORRY were the champions of their day – was accustomed to night traveling. John in order to dissuade him from so dangerous a practice disguised himself, met Arthur, took him by the collar, got him down as if designing to do him injury. Arthur after struggling hard said that he did not think that except EOIN [3] MACALASTAIR RUAI he new any man that could master him so. On this John made himself known and showed him the danger of his practice and that it was a foolish opinion for any man to think but that he might meet with a rival. John left one son called JAMES BANE, also a natural son called SOUNN [4]`na FESAIG [5] who left issue, he was named for wearing his beard having sworn that he would not shave until King James was restored to the British Throne. JAMES BANE lived in the Brae of MOCHASTEL. [6] Henry Laird of LENNY said to his Lady on a time pointing at James this is your heir were your own family extinct. She answered with a sneer “God Forbid”. LENNY had a numerous family at the time and although four of them were married they all died without issue; but James could not be prevailed with by his friends to urge his claim on the estate of LENNY on the footing of the said Talzie <sic> when the last male died as Arnpryor was married to Henry’s oldest daughter James did not deem it proper to urge a claim.


After James` time it became impracticable to any of his offspring to claim that Estate nor indeed after the death of the old men of his day could they evidence their rights. But James` eldest son went under the designation of Laird of LENNY as also does his son to this day.


But to return to ROBERT ROY of whom I am descended the name ROY was applied to him & his brothers on account of his red hair & many of his descendants to this day are red haired. There are but little of his transactions handed down to us. It is probable that he died young as his son James made so early an appearance as a public person. He left two sons James and another whose name I do not know but who also had a son of amiable manner and was remarkable for every ingenious and nice workmanship. He went abroad to push his fortune and no account of him returned. There was some handsome sum of money made by a BUCHANAN of these times recovered which his friends thought probable might have been made by him, but as they did not know where he settled they could not lay claim to it and it was laid out for some public use by those of the name who recovered it. James went always under the Appelation <sic>of SHEMAS  MAC ROB RUAI, he was a most active and sagacious man. Of his manners take this instance; some Military men were one day passing by his house. A stout fellow from among them stepped up to him said, “You, Pansy Carle, have got a pair of good shoes and mine are bad – put them off immediately & let me have them”. James said “My good sir let the men pass by that they may not mock us both and then you shall have them if you please”. The man Complied – then James took the fellow and asked him to the gable of the house & asked him rubbing him to the wall if he wanted his shoes or would have them. The poor fellow frightened by his hard grip pleaded hard for pardon & promised never to make a similar attempt on any man in future. James was thrice in his life spoiled of all his goods& gear yet died in affluence in old age without pain or sickness after having given to his seven daughters an hundred pounds scotch each as portion they all married to the most respectable young men in the neighbourhood. <sic> He also left his son Robert with whom he lived in his old age comfortably set in half the BALMENOCH of LENNY.


The morning preceding his death he girded on his large highland plaid which was at that time the favourite <sic> dress of the highlanders, but probably finding a weakness asked his son what he was to be employed in through the day. He answered “ I have bespoke some of my neighbours to repair a piece of my barn which is failing”. “Very well”, said he “but make all the dispatch you can for you shall have something more to do by night”. And scarcely was their task finished when they were called in to witness the last struggle of nature in death of this venerable old man. James lived in a very eventful period, at a time that seems to be marked with Lawless carnage & violence. Man had no security for life and fortune. Government could not attend to enforce the salutary laws that were in existence. By the feudal system then in force every landlord could raise their vassals & often employed them to hurt their neighbours <sic> instead of defending their nation or enforcing Justice & those that were ferocious tyranised <sic> over their own vassals with impunity – whose very lives were at their mercy as well as their goods. James as might have been expected was the butt of fortune. He was at one time herried <sic> as the term expressed it by Freebooters or the Chearn Choile [7] <sic> at another time by the King’s forces, which I take to be Montrose’s army [8] which ravaged the neighbourhood <sic> out of revenge for their siding with Argyle in the contest of the times. Perhaps it was for a similar reason that the Laird of LENNY was carried to Linlithgow prison when Arthur BUCHANAN with the Laird of Lorry & the GOUIN DU [9] undertook the daring task to rescue him. The Smith or Gouin,  son in law to the aforesaid James was a remarkably strong man & he took his great hammer. The three rode to Linlithgow with a horse for the Laird to ride home upon. FERGUSON the Smith broke up the prison with his mell <sic> while Lorry [10] and MOCHASTEL [11] rode furiously through the town & fired where ever they saw a door or window opened  thus terrifying the people who kept within doors until the prison was opened & the Laird of Lenny fairly mounted. Then the four rode home in triumph. James was a third time spoiled by the English who had their camp on BOCHASTEL. I suppose they must have been part of Cromwell’s army as they were an English army. James’ wife went to their Commander to plead for one of her own kine <sic> to help to support her young family taking a group of her girls to move the Commander’s sympathy also Robert, her son who was on the breast. The General would have granted her request but when he was informed whose wife she was he refused her that small favour <sic> which shows that James made himself singular in opposing the intruding army of that usurper. I could not discover in any history that fell my way any account of this army but their principal Commanders were BUCHAN and CANAN and when leaving this country they marched Northward crossing the hill of BALMENOCK by the path of CLACH ARTUR. During the time of the civil wars in England and the obstinate contest between King Charles I and his Presbyterian Scotch subjects it is likely that that part of the nation which lay remote from the seat of Government was one scene of confusion & ravage. For the petty Lairds who had a right to raise their men seized on the opportunity of wreaking their vengeance on one another when any quarrel arose among them – the execution of the law being wholly suspended – but on the restoration of Charles II civil began to take place although that reign was remarkably Bloody on account of its tyranny and persecution of the Presbyterians whereby thousands of the best subjects of the nation were murdered in cold blood or fell by the hands of the common executioner for their conscientious adherence to their national religion which they with King & Nobles had solemnly sworn to maintain. Robert the only surviving son of James also called Rob Roy lived in more peaceable times. He was a tall good looking man, red haired and married to a BUCHANAN of that branch of the LENNY family called MACROBS – but few of that branch reside in the neighbourhood <sic> - they mostly reside in STRATHEARN. Robert had six sons & one daughter who were all married and had Families. Their names were John, James, Peter, Alexander, William and Robert. His daughters name was Janet and was married to one Donald MACKINLAY. Robert lived in TREAN & was a good farmer and acknowledged the expertest <sic> Barley man of his time; he died about the age of sixty years leaving his widow in possession of half the TREAN farm with her sons Alexander and Peter the older brothers being settled elsewhere in their father’s lifetime. The widow lived with her children to old age in a respectable & comfortable situation. Robert’s youngest son was Robert like his forefathers called Rob Roy was married to one Margaret  WALKER a virtuous woman. He settled in TREAN having a quarter of the farm while his brother Alexander possessed the half and another widow and son the other quarter. Young Rob went from there to MILTON of STRATHGARTNEY & afterwards come <sic> to Kilmahog where he died in old age and poor. His Surviving children were John who resides near LINLITHGOW and Robert also called Rob Roy residing in KILMAHOG and Alexander who resides in CAMPSIE also a daughter called Christian who was married to Peter MACKINLAY [12] who lived in ARDWHILARY [13]. William who never got settled in Land continued long with his Mother after Alexander married & then went to the south as a labourer & married a Mary BUCHANAN when pretty advanced in age. He died in old age leaving a son and daughter: his son was married but left no issue – his name was Robert. His daughter is called Catherine & is married to Peter MCINTYRE formerly in ARDWHILARY but now near Blackford with their children.


Alexander called Alexander Roy married a Mary BUCHANAN of  the ancient LENNIES sister to Andrew BUCHANAN late of BALMENOCK [14] he was a firm bodied man & expert at every husbandry kind of work, he lived in TREAN [15] most of his time and died upwards of eighty years – he officiated as an elder in the Church of CALLANDER. He had a most retentive memory and was the best historian of a country husbandman that I ever conversed with – to him I am much indebted for a great deal of information concerning the ancient feuds and battles of the BUCHANANS who contended in their turn with the MCGREGORS, MCFARLANES, STEWARTS & MCLARENS, with others from RUSKIE & REDNOCK the name of whose clan I have forgotten but I think they were called MCLUCKIES.


Alexander’s children were John whose children’s names were John called JAMAICA & James presently in CALLANDER having a numerous family. Also Alexander and Frances who have both left issue. Alexander had another son called Peter an antiburgher <sic> minister who settled near CROMARTY – a pious amiable man he left two daughters one of them a Mr ROSS a merchant of that place the other to a minister Mr. MACLEAN in Inverness. Alexander had a daughter married to ALEX STEWART who lived in LENBHRI in the Braes of DOUNE she left one son who died unmarried.


Peter also called Roy settled in BALMENOCH and died in the thirty – fourth year of his age leaving two daughters one of whom died unmarried & the other married a Duncan WRIGHT who lived at TULLOCH near STIRLING. Peter was a bold manly stout person as an instance of his temper take the following: While unmarried and with his mother, the Laird of LENNY who took refuge in the Castle of STIRLING in the year 1715 issued orders to his tenants to join ARGYLES men near DUNBLANE the most of them obeyed and set off but called at TREAN expecting Peter and Alexander to go according to orders. Peter as if surprised, asked where they were going. They told him that it was where they expected him to go also. Peter told them that he would not go nor should he allow them to go either but finding them fixed in their resolution he went to the house took out his sword & protested that their heads would answer for it if any of them would offer to go an inch further for this purpose they returned home. One of them named Solomon said to his neighbours <sic> while returning “ Do ye think men that Peter would really hurt us if we persisted “ one of them answered, “you may depend on it that he would take your head off your neck before he would allow you to go one foot further”


Peter’s oldest brother was a few days before obliged to rise with his Land Lord – Laird of KEIR [16] who sent a message to his tenants to meet him at such a place all armed & with provisions otherwise he would not leave them a  Cock to Crow Day [17]. KEIR and his men being on the opposite side it was natural for one of Peter’s disposition to act in the manner he did rather than meet his brother whom he greatly loved, as an enemy in battle. As a further proof of Peter’s agility & manner; one day with some of his neighbours <sic> attempting to get hold of an unruly young stout horse which was like to defy them when Peter was put a little out of patience he ran with full speed after the horse overtook him & held him fast by the tail to the admiration of his companions. James lived in FARMSTON [18] married a BUCHANAN of ARDOCH [19] family in STRATHIRE & although of very respectable parents she turned out a foolish woman – broke her husbands heart. He lived a sober retired life & left a son and daughter. His son died without issue & his daughter was married near EDINBURGH.


!!! Robert’s oldest son was John he married Janet BUCHANAN daughter of Patrick BUCHANAN in TARANDUIN [20] a man of much sense and virtue. The Laird of LENNY took a medical gentleman who was on a visit at LENNY house to see this Patrick when he was on his death bed – that gentleman said that he never conversed with any country husbandman of more sense and solid judgment. His daughter possessed so much of her Father’s virtues that few men could excel her for sense & penetrating judgment joined with meekness and modesty. They had to struggle hard on their first outset in the world having removed from ANIE [21], their first residence, to TOMBEA [22] & from thence to CUILANTOGLE [23] & afterwards to OFFERANCE [23] where they remained during the wifes <sic> life time as subtenant to ANNET who prevailed with John to give him up the farm to possess it himself. ANNET [24] could not lawfully claim the farms as the occupiers of farms were declared to be the lawful tenants of farms by the commissioners for forfeited Estates [25] & the farmers of COIS & DUNCRAGGAN [26] kept their farms by law from ANNET’S grasp who claimed them equally. And besides John paid the land lord’s rent and a similar sum in kind or money to ANNET so he had no claim on gratitude from his subtenant but ANNET got the most part of the gentlemen in the neighbourhood <sic> to favour <sic> him & John did not like to disoblige some of them but had he stuck to his farm as his neighbours <sic> did who had much less ability or friends he would have done his son a real benefit and his family never got any more kindness from ANNET or friends than other strangers. After John gave up the Farm of OFFERANCE he divested himself as it were of worldly cares and spent the remainder of his days among his children being about eighty years for he had the pleasure of seeing them all settled in prosperous conditions as well as examples of virtue & piety he kept a hundred pounds the interest of which he bestowed in the families where he resided &  that sum was divided among his family according to his testament at his death.

Few men lived more happy in his family than John being married to one of the best wives & blessed with amiable & virtuous children whom he saw all settled comfortably in the world joined to respectable partners & most of them bring up thriving families. John died at the age of ninety years having seen or might easily have seen  sixty of his own progeny between children, grand-children & great –grand-children all living in harmony and affluence without any stain on the character of any of them as far as I have heard. John officiated as an elder in the Church of Callander the last transaction of his life was the settling with Lady LENNY to bring Robert his son to the farm of TREAN where he expected to breathe his last: but he died a few months before his son removed to TREAN from DRUNKIE [26] where he lived at that time. John spent the most part of the last years alternately between his sons family in Drunkie & his son in law John MACKINLAY in ANIE’S family. He generally stayed in Drunkie during the summer season & in ANIE during the winter that he might be nearer the Church of which he was an elder. He died of a few days illness taking its source perhaps in stone or gravel with which he had been much troubled during the last six years of his life. He was a brisk, tight well looking man about five feet six inches high fair complexioned, something hasty in his disposition but cheery and friendly always a man to his word & would be much astonished when he would find that a man appearing apparently sensible would utter a falsehood or not fulfil <sic> a promise. He would say that in his first outset in the world he often borrowed but never to his recollection broke his promise one day and he frequently exhorted to be very careful his head & often explained its salutary effect on society & its benefit to all those that made conscience of it John took much delight in horses and was one of the best judges of these precious animals. When his family grew up he went to every market in the country and bought young horses which he got trained at home & he generally kept a couple for sale on his farm so that the most part of his heighbours <sic> got their working horses by his means for they could safely depend on his skill & word & after allowing him a moderate profit come of much better than by their chance of the market. His brisk and social temper did not allow him to loiter in old age besides his delight among his numerous friendsto whom he was much attached. He took part in rural labour <sic> such as binding after the shearers & lending a hand on hay harvest even to within two or three years of his death for he was quite a healthy & temperate & would say that two thirds of labour <sic> & diet was the best regimen to health & this he fairly practiced himself. He filled up the vacancy of his time by reading his bible & other pious books. He enforced his advices to children & servants by some short country proverbs such as `Gach cun da nead is strew na ghol` [29] when enforcing care to promote the comfort of the family `Nat doir dhimeas ar a chegans tis a mhoran na gabh soddan` [30] when warning young persons not to slight small things nor to be too much delighted with abundance `sfhear fuinne thana na chi ule folamh`[31] when directing to be sparing & frugal even in little matters & many such forcible short sentences.


JOHN, the oldest son of the above became an active young man as he grew up & was perhaps the best penman in Scotland in his time he learned to excel in writing, herding his father’s Cows there being a school master boarded in his father’s house at the time who kept a small private school in that neighbourhood & when he equaled his teacher he got some copperplate line which he imitated so that he wrote round copperplate text which was in vogue at that time. He went as a clerk to a merchant in STIRLING where he was taken notice of by the magistrates who at one time employed him to write a letter or petition which they were sending up to London concerning some Government affair. His friends in STIRLING offered to get him into the Excise where few but gentlemen’s children were getting at that early period of the Institution which offer he accepted altho’ <sic> something against his father’s inclination – wishing him rather to return home to work on the farm with him. John continued in the Excise during his lifetime. He got early into GLASGOW & became so much attached to that place that he even retired from office before he would remove and became a clerk to a company there but soon got his former pound where he continued for life. He was so much the favourite <sic>of the best in town that his brother officers with whom he would not always associate in their rambles ironically called him Gentle<sic> John having made some money he joined in a sea trading concern by which he lost the most of it and did not choose to marry as he thought his salary too limited to maintain a family in the way he wished to live. He died at the age of sixty six. He was a well looking man much resembling his father in size & likeness: Of an amiable cheery penetrating disposition pious and candid.


There were six daughters in the family who were married of whom it will not be to much for me to mention here that they all excelled in every virtue that would adorn spouses and mothers nor do I know where to make a distinction in their moral or social characters such a tract of sweetness, piety frugality & modesty might be observed in each of them in the families where they had their lot. It might be said of each of them in the families where they had their lot. It might be said of each of them as of the virtuous women [32] their husbands praised them & their children arose up after them & called them blessed. So much is observed of the effect of good example in families that frequently there is family likeness in virtue as well as in ill. The family of OFFERANCE altho’ <sic> they were proverbial for cleanliness in their time & also branded with pride for not mixing much with their very rude neighbours <sic> for to the honour <sic> of our times lewd language profane companies & dirty habits are generally despised as it was among them. The names of the Daughters with their husbands are exhibited in a tree of the family of OFFERANCE preceding this narrative. John’s third son was PETER who died at the age of twenty three, he was of his father’s and oldest brother’s size, quiet, meek and pious & very engenious <sic> & his father’s favourite. <sic> My father ( John’s second son) ROBERT went to STRATHAVEN in the year 1740/41 the year of the great frost, his brother who was in the Excise had his charge there at the time & there Robert engaged with a Maltster & learned the Malting business & came home and traded in that line having the use of his father’s barn & horses when needed & wrought on the farm when necessary & by that means made some money to set out in the world without troubling his father who had a large family of daughters to provide for, he married JANET BLAIR, daughter to WILLIAM BLAIR, who lived in LITTLE SHANOCHIL in MONTEATH. His father in law gave him a part of the farm where he continued for the space of five years & then removed to a farm in DRUNKIE but after continuing for a space of six years in DRUNKIE  he was under the necessity to give up the farm on account of bad health for three years until his health returned & then came back from OFFERANCE where he had a cot  house on his father’s farm having reserved power to resume his possession at pleasure there he continued until his lease of ten years was out. He entered to a share of LITTLE SHANOCHIL on his marriage 1746, entered to DRUNKIE 1757 & got TOMBEA along with DUNABEIN 1754, removed to OFFERANCE 1757, returned to DRUNKIE year 1760, removed from DRUNKIE to TREAN in LENNY 1770 where he continued until his death which happened on the 10th Aug. 1802 aged 85 years & a quarter of a year. Robert was a stout healthy man an excellent farmer & took the lead among his neighbours <sic> in ever improvement in husbandry in his time in straighting <sic> ridges,  in clearing his land from stones, sowing seed & turnips & such improvements as were at that time taking place also I believe he was the first in the parish that brought the two horse plough in use he had always delighted himself in horse dealing as far as convenience afforded & had taken a licensed still on the north line footing which he occupied eight years until the north line footing  was further removed that his farm of TREAN was out of its limits – during that time he had much advantage to keep good horses putting it in his power to begin the two horse plough with good effect. His youngest son WILLIAM being grown up to manhood and uncommonly expert in every kind of husbandry work by his example brought that improvement to general use in the neighbourhood <sic> but it was pretty general some years sooner in the low country. Few men experienced more domestic happiness than he did altho’ <sic> only four of his children survived himself together with his wife all the deaths in his family happened in a natural way by the visitation of the Almighty. His wife was possessed of every domestic virtue & his children most exemplary and dutiful he saw his sons & daughters settled in the world in comfortable circumstances. His last complaint was a swelling which began imperceptibly something more than half a year before his death & gradually increased until a month before his death when it became painful and terminated in death. His sight failed much four years previous to his death which put it out of his power to read even with any kind of glasses. He felt this as a great want as he was very fond of reading but as his sons were about him he had the pleasure to get them to read to him as oft as he pleased & his principle amusement was with his grand children who were all uncommonly fond of his company he had several of his grand children brought up in his family & the 8th born a few weeks before his death – he and his oldest son with their families living together in peace & harmony. He retained all his faculties entire until the last moments except his sight – even his strength was more than common. At 80 he built a good piece of the march dyke west side of the farm equal to the best built dyke in the neighbourhood <sic> & could at that age bind corn after the shearers <sic> a good part of the day to good purpose. He was ordained an elder of the parish of Port by the Revd. John FERGUSSON I believe in the summer of 1767 & again admitted as an elder in the Church of Callander when he removed to TREAN. It might be properly said of him that he died in a good old age full of days & cometo his grave as a shook of corn in his season. ROBERT’S surviving children were Janet who continued unmarried being his oldest daughter & Mary the second married to James BUCHANAN farmer in BALMENOCH & John his oldest son who possessed the farm with him after his marriage living together as one family & William his youngest son of whom he settled in the farm of COILECHAT in the parish of DOUNE five years before his death.


His First Children died in the birth, a boy & a girl & then a boy. His daughter CATHERINE died of the small - pox in the third year of her age. His daughter CIRSTIAN died in her 17th year. She was a tall well looking woman & seeming to bid fair to be one of the most penetrating and amiable of characters. Her complaint was a fever which passed on the whole family. MARGARET the next in age to MARY mentioned above also died of a fever three years before CIRSTIAN that fever also passed on all the family. MARGARET also was tall and beautiful of a meek and amiable temper, the favourite <sic>of all her friends & acquaintances, she died about the age of 19.







  7. CHEARN CHOILLE = The party of the woods i.e. hiding or disappearing for cover
  8. At KILMAHOG November 1649
  12. This name on Tombstone of St. BRIDE’S CHAPEL south end of LOCH LUBNAIG
  13. ARDWHILARY = GAELIC = ARD – CHUL – AIRIDH = Height back of the SHEILING (north West of LOCH LOBNAIG, co-terminous <sic> with STRATHYRE (stream) boundary)
  15. TREAN means “The third part”
  16. Where ARDCHILLARY is – they’ve been Lairds and still are since medieval times. – 29/8/73
  17. Gaelic idiom = would not leave them a cock to welcome the dawn = COILEACH GU GAIRM LA = i.e. would root them out 100%
  19. DUGALD BUCHANAN, Gaelic poet, born at ARDOCH, buried in CALLANDER BEECH CHAPEL
  20. TARANDUIN = hill Fort at GARTCHONZIE cross roads
  22. TOMBEA = ½ mile away east
  23. East end of LOCH VENACHER
  25. ANNAID = a Nunnery
  26. 1770 A.D.
  27. brig o’ turk, trossachs
  28. “INVERTROSSACHS” now – name changed for Queen Victoria’s visit
  29. Every Bird to its nest
  30. Despise not the little and don’t too much espouse the large
  31. Better the spare (thin) baking than the wholly empty
  32. Proverbs – last chapter


End part 1