Stewart Clan Magazine References to Baldorran Stewarts

Stewart Clan Magazine References
Re: Baldorran and Balquhidder Stewarts


  • Written by George Thomas Edson and originally published in various issues of Stewart Clan Magazine from 1927 to 1957
  • Transcribed and commented by Jared L. Olar
  • Edited and commented by Ryk Brown


Stewart Clan Magazine was a small periodical pamphlet devoted to Stewart genealogy.  The publisher and editor was George Thomas Edson, who was descended in the female line from the Stewarts of Londonderry, New Hampshire, a family who are now known to be a cadet branch of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran, Perthshire.  Despite many years of attempts to discover the origin of the Londonderry Stewarts, Edson never succeeded in finding out where his Stewarts had come from.

Stewart Clan Magazine (hereafter referred to as SCM) made its debut in July 1922, and Edson continued to publish it until shortly before his death in the late 1960s.  SCM contains multiple references to our own Stewart clan.  This magazine is not available in all libraries and is not always accessible through inter-library loan.  Several years ago, our fellow researcher Jared L. Olar went through the University of Illinois – Champaign/Urbana’s complete set of SCM and made extensive photocopies, focusing on his own family and any Stewart family that was (or was believed to be) of royal or noble origin.  In our ongoing effort to present all the available information on the Balquhidder Stewarts, we have compiled together here in one place all of the references in Jared’s photocopies pertaining to our branch of the Stewarts.  We hope this will be a valuable resource for future readers.  Our thanks to Jared for doing all the hard work of transcribing these various articles found over a thirty-year period in SCM.

Jared has provided a running narrative commentary that ties the various articles together.  I (Ryk) have made additional comments in editing Jared’s transcriptions.  These comments have been formatted differently in order to help you distinguish between Edson’s original writings and our comments (although I do not always distinguish between Jared’s comments and my own).  Through our own research we have discovered several errors in Edson’s original presentations.  We have preserved Edson’s errors, noted them in the text (“sic”), and addressed them in the commentary that follows.  The reader should not feel that Edson’s research was in any way deficient, but rather that his presentation represented the state of research as it was known at the time of his writing.  If you want to see what we believe to be the correct accounting of these families, please refer to our page on the Principal Families of the Balquhidder Stewarts.

The superscripted numbers represent the person’s generation number as accounted by SCM from the origin of the Stewart surname.

We have preserved the location of the original footnotes in the text at the point in which they would have occurred at the bottom of the original page in order to maintain clarity between the footnote reference and its text.  However, as this is a continuous article, and the original page-turns do not exist, it may make the text a little difficult for the present reader to follow.  We have endeavored to guide the reader at these break points.

Stewarts of Balquhidder References in Other Articles

The Stewarts of Balquhidder first appear in Stewart Clan Magazine in 1927, when our clan is mentioned in passing in articles on the Stewarts of Appin and the Steuarts of Grandtully.  Then in 1928 Edson briefly mentions some of the principal branches, but it is not until 1934 that he actually begins his accounting of our family in any detail.

Stewarts of Appin

The first Stewart of Balquhidder reference in Stewart Clan Magazine can be found in the following article on the Stewarts of Appin.  For the reader’s reference, the line of the Stewarts of Appin as given below is:

  1. Walter Stewart, 3rd High Steward of Scotland, and first of the name Stewart
  2. Alexander Stewart, 4th High Steward of Scotland
  3. John Stewart of Bonkyl
  4. James Stewart of Pierston
  5. Robert Stewart of Scanbothy
  6. John Stewart of Innermeath
  7. Robert Stewart of Lorn and Innermeath
  8. John Stewart, Lord of Lorn
  9. Dugald Stewart, 1st of Appin (illegitimate son by the daughter of MacLarin of Ardveich)
  10. Allan Stewart, 3rd of Appin (younger brother of Duncan Stewart, 2nd of Appin)
  11. John Stewart, 4th of Appin (as shown below)


This is from SCM Tome B p.9 (Sept. 1927, vol. vi, no. 3):


From the book, "Stewarts of Appin," 1880


John11 Stewart (Alan10, Dugald9, John8, Robert7, John6, Robert5, James4, John3), second son of Sir Alan, third baron of Appin, accompanied his father to the battlefield of Flodden in 1513.  He received from his father the lands of Strathgarry.  The records of his descendants are missing.  Some time toward the end of the sixteenth century [about 1590-5] Stewart of Strathgarry, having taken possession of lands in the upper part of Rannoch which had been held by a Macdonald, was surprised by a party of that clan and killed by them for dispossessing their kinsman.  A meeting of the Stewarts of Appin, Balquidder* and Athole+ was held at the bridge of Keltney, and they entered into a bond to avenge the death of their kinsman of Strathgarry.  They had letters of fire and sword against the murderers, procured by the widow who went to Stirling to show the bloody shirt of her husband to the privy council, and they killed several Macdonalds.  (A copy of this bond was long in the possession of the Ardvoirlich family,++ as an Ardvoirlich had been one of the leaders, but it was lent to a Stewart of Annat and at his death it could not be found amongst his papers, but a copy of it is said to be in the possession of the duke of Athole.+)


* The Stewarts of Glen Ogle and others in Balquidder are also descendants of the Stewarts of Appin. (sic)

+ The Stewarts of Athole consist almost entirely of the descendants of the four illegitimate sons of Sir Alexander Stewart (the Wolf of Badenoch), fourth son of King Robert II.  [This man later.]

++ The older families of Baldorran, Ardvoirlich, Annat, Gartnafuaroe and the original Stewarts of Glenbuckie were all descended from Lord James (8), son of Murdoch Stewart, duke of Albany.

This episode of avenging the death of Stewart of Strathgarry circa 1590-95 is a remarkable detail from our family history, and it shows the bonds of family kinship and cooperation among the Highland Stewart families.  Alexander Stewart, 1st of Ardvorlich, must have been the "Ardvoirlich" who was one of the leaders.  It was again at Keltney where these same Stewart families signed a bond in tacit support of King Charles II in 1654. 

It’s surprising to find Edson claiming that the Stewarts of Glenogle were descendants of the Stewarts of Appin.  Later in SCM, Edson correctly shows them as descendants of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran, not the Stewarts of Appin.  Presumably the statement about Glenogle’s origins derives from the 1880 book, Stewarts of Appin, which I [Jared] have only seen once on microfilm.

Stewarts in Glenfinglas – Stewart of Invernahyle of Appin Branch

Also in SCM Tome B, Sept. 1927, vol. vi, no. 3, p.12, we find some stray references to intermarriage with the Stewarts of Annat, one of the principal families of the Stewarts of Balquhidder (information that, again, was derived from the book Stewarts of Appin, 1880).

It should be noted that these Appin Stewarts were the first to settle in Glenfinglas and are featured on our Stewarts of Glenfinglas page.  The generational numerical references shown here refer to the Stewarts of Appin and do not relate to those shown later.


Dugald14 Stewart (Duncan13, Donald12, Alexander11, Alan10), second son of Duncan, third of Invernahyle [page 11], was first of Innischaoraich.  In 1656 he purchased the lands of Innischaoraich and others in Breadalbane from Sir James Campbell of Lawers.  Children:

    1    Alan : second of Innischaoraich; married a daughter of Burden of Fidals and had a son James, who succeeded him.  James married a daughter of Stewart of Annat and had two sons, both of whom died unmarried.

    2    Neil

Next, in SCM Tome B, Oct. 1927, vol VI no. 4, p.13, we find this:


Alexander15 Stewart (Alexander14, Alan13, Donald12, Alexander11, Alan10), fourth of Ballachelish, was born in 1684, and succeeded his uncle John.  He was at Sheriffmuir in 1715 and at Culloden in 1746.  He married (1) Anne Stewart, daughter of John, fourth of Ardsheal.  He married (2) Isabel Stewart, daughter of Alexander of Annat, and by her had:

    1    John                : succeeded his father

    2    Alexander       : killed at Culloden, where four of his nephews were wounded – Duncan, Donald, Dugald and Alexander Stewart

    3    Isabella

Steuarts of Grandtully

Edson next mentioned some of the Stewarts of Balquhidder (or rather some of their ancestors) on page 14 of Tome B of SCM (Oct. 1927, vol. vi, no. 4), when he presented the genealogy of the Steuarts of Grandtully, extracted from The Red Book of Grandtully (1868):


Alexander Steuart…, fourth of Grandtully, was served heir to his father Thomas on  May 13, 1462, to the lands of Grandtully and on June 2, 1462, to the lands of Banchory, and both retours recite that his father died about nine years previously.  He married Matilda, daughter of Sir James, son of Murdoch Stewart, Duke of Albany [In a charter July 8, 1479, by King James III she is referred to as 'Mald Steuart and her father, John Steuart of Rannoch, and her brothers . . . shall have the tutory and keeping of her son John until he attain his majority should Alexander, the boy's father, die', etc.], and as spouses they received July 26, 1468, from Alexander, earl of Huntley, a charter to the lands of Banchory.  He died about 1488 and was succeeded by his son…."

Sir James, son of Murdoch Stewart, is our ancestor James Mhor, whose son James Beg was the father of the Stewarts of Balquhidder.  Notice, however, that the charter of 1479 apparently says Matilda was daughter of a John Steuart of Rannoch, not Sir James Mhor.

The Stewarts of Albany and Baldorran

The next time our Stewarts appear in SCM is pages 45 and 46 of Tome B (June 1928, vol. vi, no. 12):


The Stewarts of Ardvoirlich (sic), Perthshire

Sir James9 [“Beg”] Stewart (James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5) was ancestor of the Stewarts of Ardvoirlich, Perthshire.  A descendant, James Stewart, joined Montrose in his campaign against the Covenanters in 1644 but left the camp near Collace and went over to the duke of Argyle.


Stewarts of Baldonan (sic), Annat, Gartnafuaroe and Glenbuckie

These families descended from Sir James8 [“Mhor”] Stewart, son of Murdoch7, second duke of Albany.  The later Stewarts of Glenbuckie were from Appin (page 9)….


The Stewarts of Balquidder (sic)

The Balquidder Stewarts derived their origin from illegitimate branches of the Albany family.  

Notice that Edson misspelled Baldorran as "Baldonan," and spelled Balquhidder without the letter "h."  Anyway, in these early notices of our Stewarts, Edson did not trace the genealogies of our Stewart families.  He went into greater detail in subsequent issues of SCM. 

The next time our Stewarts appear is in Tome C on page 26 (Jan. 1934, vol. xi, no. 7).  It is at this point that Edson actually begins an accounting of our Stewarts, beginning with Sir James Mhor Stewart of the House of Albany:


[Sir] James8 [“Mhor”] Stewart (Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1402, was nicknamed "the gross." (sic)  He was knighted by King James I and was granted other favors by the king:  he was not molested when James put his father and two older brothers in prison.  But, urged by Finlay, bishop of Argyle, who had been secretary to the duke of Albany, James Stewart raised a force of mountaineers, described by some historians as outlaws and desperadoes, and captured the town of Dunbarton, surprising and putting to death the governor, Sir John Stewart, ("the red") of Dundonald, who was the king's uncle (and his own great-uncle), and setting fire to the town, May 3, 1425, fifteen days before his brothers Walter and Alexander were executed.  He was declared a rebel, and finding himself unable to cope with the royal power sent against him he fled to Ireland with his friend, the bishop.  So attached were the highlanders to the Albany Stewarts, it is asserted, that many of them followed him into Ireland, where they established settlements; and for the favor shown them by the Irish, King James forbade any intercourse between the two kingdoms.  James, the Gross, married (sic) a lady of the MacDonalds in Ireland, by whom he had a numerous family.  He died before 1451.  Seven sons: (sic)

    Andrew, circa 1427    : created Lord Evandale and, later, earl of Lennox

    Murdoch                    : knighted by King James III and called steward of Albany: no issue

    Arthur                       : knighted by King James III and granted an estate in Scotland

    Robert                       : knighted by King James III

    Alexander                  : knighted by King James III

    Walter, circa 1440      : seated at Morphy, was ancestor of numerous lines of Stewarts

    James                       : seated at Beg (sic); ancestor of the Stewards of Balderon (sic) and other places 

Of course, we now know that some of this information is incorrect. For instance, it seems that James did not marry the mother of his children – or at least their union was not recognized as lawful.  Also, we can only identify two children of James:  a son, James Beg, and a daughter, Matilda.  The other sons listed here were actually nephews of James le Gros – they were sons of James’ older brother Walter.  Note also that Edson confused “Beg” as a place name – “James Beg,” “James the Little,” has become “James of Beg.”  But despite those errors, the account of James’ descent on Dunbarton and flight to Ireland with Finlay, Bishop of Argyll, as well as the reference to Highland Scots following James and Finlay to Ireland and settling there, are very interesting details.

We have also shown elsewhere that the reference to James’ nickname as “the Gross” is based on a mistranslation.  His Gaelic nickname was “Mhor,” which means “big or great” and was translated into Norman French as “le Gros,” which also means “big.”  This has been incorrectly translated into English as “the Gross.” [Ryk]

The next time our Stewarts appear in SCM is in Tome C on page 42 (April 1934, vol. xi, no. 10):


James9 [“Beg”] Stewart [of Baldorran] (James,8 Murdoch,7 Robert,6 King Robert5 II) born about 1442, in Ireland, "fourth son of Lord James," was knighted by King James II and given an estate in Perthshire: he was called James Beg.  He married Lady Annabel Buchanan, daughter of Sir Patrick Buchanan of that ilk.  He was designated "of Baldoran and Balguthedor" [Balquhidder] in the genealogy of Patrick17 Stewart of Bladen county, N.C., written in 1763 to correct an error in Crawford's history of the Stewart family.  Son:

    William, c.1465; m. Maria Campbell

Edson next provided information on our Stewarts in SCM Tome C p.51 (May 1934, vol. xi, no. 11):


William10 Stewart [of Baldorran] (James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1475, inherited from his father the properties of Baldoran and Balquhidder, and was so designated.  He married Maria Campbell, daughter of Sir Colin Campbell of Glenbucky, [which] marches [border] to the earl of Bradalbine. [Sir Colin Campbell is also styled "of Glenorchy".]  This lady perhaps brought additional property to the Stewarts.  Three sons:

    William [sic, should be “Walter”], c. 1499         : m.        Euphemia Reddoch

    John                         : m.        _____ Buchanan : first Stewart laird of Glenbucky

    Andrew (sic)              : ancestor of the Stewarts of Gartnaferaran, Perthshire

Of course we now know that Andrew was a younger brother, not son, of this William Stewart of Baldorran who married Maria Campbell.  “Gartnaferaran” is a spelling error for “Gartnafueran,” perhaps a typo on Edson’s part.

Next, Edson continued with our Stewarts in SCM Tome C p.59 (June 1934, vol. xi, no. 12) accounting for the three sons of William shown above:


William11 [sic, s/b “Walter”] Stewart [of Baldorran] (William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1499, married Euphemia Reddoch, daughter of James Reddoch of Cultobraggan, comptroller of the household of King James IV.  He shared the lands of his father, probably succeeding to the property of Baldoran, in Perthshire.  One of his sons was:

    James           : m. ______ Stewart


John11 Stewart [1st of Glenbucky] (William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1503, married a daughter of Patrick Buchanan "of Mo Castle, predecessor to the lairds of Arnprior, Orchiltry, Mo Castle and Des Clelles."  He evidently inherited Glenbucky and was the first Stewart laird of that estate.  Among his sons were:

    Duncan         : m. ______ McLarin



Andrew11 Stewart [of Gartnafuaran] (William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1510, was ancestor of the Stewarts of Gartnaferaran, Perthshire. (sic)

Of course the guesstimate that Andrew was born about 1510 was based on the error that Andrew supposedly was son of William, whereas we now know Andrew was William’s younger brother.  Andrew already had sasine of Gartnafuaran by 1503.  Also, note that Edson erroneously has “William” as Euphemia Reddoch’s husband instead of “Walter.” 

Stewarts of Ardvorlich, Glenbucky, Gartnafuaran and Annat

Edson continued with the next generation of his account of the Balquhidder Stewarts in SCM Tome C p.69 (Aug. 1934, vol. xii, no. 2):


James12 Stewart [in Balquhidder] (William11 [sic-s/b “Walter”], William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1525, married a daughter of Patrick Stewart of Glenbucky.  His estate lay in Balquhidder, Perthshire, and fell to his son:

    Alexander          ; m.        Margaret Drummond : laird of Ardvorlich


Duncan12 Stewart [3rd of Glenbucky] (John11, William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1540, succeeded his father (sic – brother) as laird of Glenbucky.  He married a daughter of McLarin of Achleskine, reckoned then to be chief of that name.  His oldest son:

    Alexander      : m. ______ Stewart, his second cousin


Patrick12 Stewart [2nd of Glenbucky], a younger (sic – older) brother of Duncan, probably inherited a part of the Glenbucky estate.  These great landed properties seem to have grown smaller with each generation, as fractions were set off to younger sons.  Patrick apparently had a daughter who married James12 Stewart of Ardvorlich [above].


John12 Stewart (William11 [sic-s/b “Walter”], William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5) is given in the genealogy of Dr. George Steuart of Annapolis, Maryland, as John of Annat, Perthshire, but as this disagrees with what seems to be a more reliable account we shall place John of Annat in a later sequence. (sic)

Edson has obviously gotten a little confused here, not only showing “William” instead of “Walter” (who appears in his entry on John Stewart of Annat), but placing John of Annat after the Glenbucky Stewarts instead of listing him after his brother Alexander Stewart, 1st of Ardvorlich.  He has also reversed the two Glenbucky brothers, Patrick and Duncan.

George Thomas Edson next mentioned the Stewarts of Balquhidder in SCM Tome C p.81 (Oct. 1934, vol. xii, no. 4):


Alexander13 Stewart [1st of Ardvorlich] (James12, William11 [sic-s/b “Walter”], William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1560, was laird of Ardvorlich, Perthshire.  He married Margaret Drummond, daughter of Drummond Erinoch, and sister of the unfortunate Drummond Erinoch, King James VI's ranger in Glenartney forest, who was murdered in 1589 by the "children of the mist."  A lump of pure crystal, bound with four bands of silver, was kept for centuries at Ardvorlich: it was called the clach dearg (red stone), and when held to the light it showed a reddish tinge.  It was believed to possess curative power, and when dipped in water from which cattle drank it cured any illness the animals might have.  Alexander had at least three sons:

    James           : m. (1) Barbara Murray

    John             : ancestor of the Stewarts of Annat, etc. (sic)

    Duncan         : will filed Nov. 16, 1632, at Dunblane


Alexander13 Stewart [4th of Glenbucky] [cousin to the preceding Alexander of Ardvorlich] (Duncan12, John11, William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1553, married ______ Stewart, his second cousin.  He was laird of Glenbucky, Perthshire.  In 1586 a bond of manrent to Duncan Campbell of Glenorchy mentioned Alexander Stewart of Glenbucky and his sons:

    Patrick          : m. Christian Drummond

    Duncan         : purchased Glenbucky of his brother Patrick





John of Annat was actually younger brother of Alexander, 1st of Ardvorlich, not son.

Edson’s account of our Stewarts continued in SCM Tome C pp.91-92 (Dec. 1934, vol. xii, no. 6):


James14 Stewart [2nd of Ardvorlich] (Alexander13, James12, William11 [sic-s/b “Walter”], William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1589, was laird of Ardvorlich, in Perthshire.  He married (1) in 1617 Barbara [or Catherine] Murray, daughter of Robert Murray of Buchanty: she was the mother of his three children.  He married (2) Janet Buchanan, but had no issue by her.  While serving in King Charles' army in 1644 James conceived the unhappy idea that he might gain favor with the covenanters by assassinating the earl of Montrose, and he broached the matter to Lord Kilpont in Montrose's camp near Collace, the day after the battle of Tippermuir, seeking Kilpont's connivance.  Lord Kilpont indignantly denounced the proposal, and Stewart, alarmed lest Kilpont reveal the matter, plunged his dirk in his friend's breast.  Stewart fled and joined the army of the earl of Argyll, then operating against Montrose.  He obtained a pardon from parliament and accepted a commission as major in Argyll's regiment, and afterward distinguished himself in Gen. Leslie's campaigns.  His will was filed Jan. 6, 1659, at Dunblane.  Eldest son:

    Robert           : m. Jean Drummond


John14 Stewart, younger brother of the above James [sic – he was actually the younger brother of the above James’ father, Alexander; Edson is out by one generation], was the first laird of Annat, in the parish of Kilmadock, Perthshire.  He married (1) Janet Graham.  He married (2) Elizabeth Campbell, who survived him.  He was ancestor of the Stewarts of Annat, of Ballachallan and of Craigtoun.  He died June --, 1666.  His will, filed Mar. 23, 1666-7, mentioned the children by his second wife.  Children:

    John             : of Annat

    Duncan         : of Ballachallan


    William         : of Craigtoun





    Janet – and Jean


Duncan14 Stewart, younger brother of the above John (sic), was third son of Alexander of Ardvorlich and Margaret Drummond.  As yet we know nothing about him.  His will was filed Nov. 16, 1632, at Dunblane.  This datum is from a list of wills recorded in the commissariot register of Dunblane, extracted by Henry C. Stuart of New York City and published in 1907 in The Stewarts.


Patrick14 Stewart [in Glenbucky, 1st of Ledcreich] (Alexander13, Duncan12, John11, William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1572, was laird of Glenbucky, in Perthshire.  He married Christian Drummond, daughter of Sir John Drummond of Miganes.  He sold his right and title of Glenbucky to his next younger brother Duncan "and his posterity enjoy the land and tytle to the present day" [1763].  Sons:

    William         : m. Mary MacGregor : laird of Ledcreich



Duncan14 Stewart [5th of Glenbucky], younger brother of the above Patrick, bought the property of Glenbucky from Patrick.  Unfortunately, we cannot at the moment dig up anything about his family.  Eldest son:

    John             : m. Isabel Stewart of Ardvorlich


Robert14 Stewart [in Glenbucky], younger brother of the above Duncan, was perhaps the Robert in Broiche, Kilmadock, whose spouse, Catherine Stewart, had a will filed May 26, 1604.


James14 Stewart [in Glenbucky], younger brother of the above Robert, is not at present identified.


John14 Stewart [in Glenbucky], younger brother of the above James, was perhaps the John in Glenbucky [on Loch Voil, Balquhidder], who married Janet MacGregor.  His will was filed Dec. 21, 1665, at Dunblane.


Walter14 Stewart [in Glenbucky], younger brother of the above John, was perhaps the Walter who married Margaret Haldane and lived in Broiche.  His will was filed Nov. 11, 1617.

Edson’s account of our Stewarts continued in SCM Tome C pp.99-100 (Jan. 1935, vol. xii, no. 7):


Robert15 Stewart [3rd of Ardvorlich] (James14, Alexander13, James12, William11 [sic-s/b “Walter”], William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1626, was laird of Ardvorlich, in Perthshire.  He married Jean Drummond, daughter of David Drummond of Comrie.  Two sons:

    James           : m. Elizabeth Buchanan

    William         : m. Jean Stewart


John15 Stewart [of Annat] (sic) (John14, Alexander13), born about 1621, was laird of Annat, in Perthshire, if we have his first name right.  Unhappily, we shall have to wait for more information on this branch.  This laird had, as we make out, at least two sons:

    John             : of Annat



Duncan Stewart, brother of the above John (sic – this Duncan was the son of John 2nd of Annat), was laird of Ballachallan, in Perthshire. Of him we know nothing, nor of his younger half-brothers, WILLIAM of Craigtoun, CHARLES, JAMES, HARRY and ROBERT.  Beyond all doubt these men have descendants living in the United States.


William15 Stewart [2nd of Ledcreich] (Patrick14, Alexander13, Duncan12, John11, William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1600, was laird of Ledcreich on Loch Voil and Stronslany, in the parish of Balquhidder, Perth.  He married Mary MacGregor, daughter of Duncan MacGregor of Dermocry, "cousin germane to Gregor MacGregor of that ilk, which family is now extinct."  Son:

    Patrick          : m. Margaret B_____ (sic)


Duncan Stewart, probably a brother of the above William, died in Ledcreich Dec. --, 1664, his will being filed Jan. 25, 1665, at Dunblane by his widow, Janet Stewart..  His testament had a mutual disposition between him and his wife, dated Aug. 3, 1661.  Duncan Stewart of Lednastade was named cautioner.


John15 Stewart [6th of Glenbucky] (Duncan14, Alexander13), born about 1600, succeeded as laird of Glenbucky, in Perthshire, which his father had purchased.  He married Isabel Stewart, daughter of Alexander Stewart of Ardvorlich.  He lived in Glenfinglas, and died Mar. --, 1663.  His will was confirmed at Dunblane Oct. 1, 1663, with Alexander Stewart, fiar of Annat, as cautioner.  James, third son, was executor.*  Among his children were:


    Isabel            : m. Walter Stewart of Gartnafuaran


* Henry Stuart of New York City had a copy made of these probate records some thirty years ago and has, we understand, considerable genealogical data on these Stewart families.


Edson’s accounting of the Stewarts of Annat is entirely incorrect.  There are too many errors to bother addressing individually here.  The readers should simply disregard Edson’s accounting and refer to our page on the Stewarts of Annat.

George Thomas Edson next mentioned the Stewarts of Balquhidder in SCM Tome C p.109 (March 1935, vol. xii, no. 9):


James16 Stewart [4th of Ardvorlich] (Robert15, James14, Alexander13, James12, William11 [sic-s/b “Walter”], William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1665, succeeded as laird of Ardvorlich, in Perthshire.  He married Elizabeth Buchanan, only child of John Buchanan of Buchanan.  Son:

    Robert           : died in 1756, unmarried


William16 Stewart, younger brother of the above James, married Jean Stewart, daughter of Patrick Stewart of Glenbucky.  His eldest son was:

    Robert           : m. Margaret Stewart : succeeded to Ardvorlich


John16 Stewart [of Annat] (John15, John14, Alexander13), born about 1647, was laird of Annat, in Perthshire.


Duncan16 Stewart, younger brother of the above John, lived near Loch Voil, in Perthshire.  He was probably present at the battle of Killiecrankie in 1689.  Among his sons was:

    George          : m. Mary Home : surgeon in Annapolis, Md.


Patrick16 Stewart [3rd of Ledcreich] (William15, Patrick14, Alexander13, Duncan12, John11, William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1620, was laird of Ledcreich, in Balquhidder, Perthshire.  He was a soldier in the army of King Charles I and is said to have held the rank of general in the service of Charles II and James II: he was in 25 battles besides skirmishes.  For his loyalty to the Stuarts he suffered much.  He married Margaret B______, daughter of Robert B______* of Drunlain, cousin to the laird of Lenry.  Only son:

    Alexander             ; m.                    Catherine Stewart


James16 Stewart (John15, Duncan14, Alexander13), born about 1627, was the third son of John Stewart, laird of Glenbucky, Perthshire.  We are at present unable to give any particulars of James, who was executor of his father's will in 1663, or of his brothers.  The Glenbucky estates subsequently passed from this branch of Stewarts to another quite remote -- descended from John3 Stewart of Bonkyl [ancestor of the Stewarts of Appin] -- through the marriage of Mary, daughter of Duncan Stewart of Glenbucky, to John18 Stewart, son of John Glas Stewart of Benmore, -- B:7, from the Stewarts of Appin.  John18 and Mary had no children, and the Glenbucky property passed to John's sister, Elizabeth.  Elizabeth dying unmarried, it then went to Elizabeth's half-brother, Capt. Duncan Stewart, a son of John Glas, so the line of original Stewarts of Glenbucky was out.



    * This name was indistinct in a manuscript found in 1876 in the possession of Maggie Williams by John A. Dougherty and copied into his diary.  The Stewart Clan Magazine is indebted to J. Adger Stewart of Louisville, Ky., for a copy of this valuable document.  It was written Jan. 18, 1763, by Charles Stewart, son of Patrick Stewart of North Carolina (grandson of Gen. Patrick Stewart), under his father's direction, to correct some error in Crawford's history of the Stewarts.  Crawford had sent a copy of the book to Patrick Stewart in America, and Patrick, perceiving the error, wrote to Crawford to have it corrected.  Not receiving a corrected edition of the book Patrick had his son Charles write down his correct genealogy and place it in Patrick's large bible.  There it remained until the death of Patrick's granddaughter, Anne Gist, without children.

Edson continued with our Stewarts in SCM Tome C p.115-116 (April 1935, vol. xii, no. 10):


Robert17 Stewart [7th of Ardvorlich] (William16, Robert15, James14, Alexander13, James12, William11 [sic-s/b “Walter”], William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1717, succeeded as laird of Ardvorlich, Perthshire, on the death of his first cousin, Robert Stewart, in 1756.(sic)  He married Margaret Stewart, daughter of John Stewart of Annat.  We shall now drop this branch.  Son:

    William, June 10, 1754 : m. Helen Maxtone


George17 Stewart [of Ballachallan and Annat] (Duncan16, John15, John14, Alexander13), born about 1672 near Loch Voil, Perthshire, of a younger branch of the Stewarts of Annat, married Mary Home.  In Duncan Stewart's book on the Stewart family, 1731-39, he seems to be referred to as John, -- B:176.  He was a supporter of the Prince James Stuart in 1715.  Among his children were:

    George, c.1697          : m. Anne Digges : surgeon in Annapolis, Md.



Alexander17 Stewart [4th of Ledcreich] (Patrick16, William15, Patrick14, Alexander13, Duncan12, John11, William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1665, was laird of Ledcreich, in Balquhidder, Perthshire.  He married Catherine Stewart, daughter of Alexander Stewart, "brother to Robert Stewart of Glenagle, predecessor to John Stewart of Hindfield and Stronsor."  His property had been diminished by reason of his father's support of Kings Charles I, Charles II and James II, and perhaps his own activities in 1715 in behalf of the Chevalier St.George (James Stuart).  Sons:

    Patrick, c.1687          : m. Elizabeth Menzies : settled in North Carolina, 1739



Edson is confused on the presentation of Robert17 Stewart, 7th of Ardvorlich, above.  The confusion here is quite understandable as Ardvorlich at this point passed laterally across several cousin branches in short order through three successive Robert Stewarts.  It is easy to understand how any one of those Roberts could be confused for another.  This is also the point at which the original line of Ardvorlich dies out and the estate passed to the line of the Stewarts of Balemenoch.  The ancestry that Edson has shown here is a confused mixture of both the Balemenoch and Ardvorlich lines.  The reader should refer to our Stewarts of Ardvorlich page for the correct accounting.

The presentation of Annat continues the same error as before, but the partial lineage shown here for George Stewart is actually correct so far as is shown here.  The error is in the generation numbering, as the earliest ancestor shown here is Alexander13, which should be Alexander, 1st of Annat, but Edson has confused him with Alexander13 Stewart, 1st of Ardvorlich.

For more information on the Stewarts of Ledcreich see the following report:


Balquhidder Stewarts in America

Edson drops most of the principal Balquhidder lines and continues only with those who immigrated to the United States, specifically following the families of Ballachallan and Ledcreich in the New World.  Eventually he continues only with the Ledcreich branch, at this point residing in Cape Fear, North Carolina.


Edson continued with our Stewarts in SCM Tome C pp.121-122 (May 1935, vol. xii, no. 11):


George Home18 Steuart [of Ballachallan, Annat, and Argaty] (sic) (George17, Duncan16, John15, John14, Alexander13… [Edson continues an erroneous ancestry here which I have simply deleted rather than correct.  Please refer to the Annat page for the correct ancestry]), born about 1695, of the Stewarts of Annat, Perthshire, was educated at the university of Edinburgh, where he graduated with a degree of M.D.  He adopted the spelling Steuart.  In 1720 he came to Annapolis, Md., and engaged in the practice of medicine and surgery, attaining prominence in the province.  He married Anne Digges, daughter of George Digges of Maryland.  As yet we have no definite data of his children, but they probably had several.  Rather dubious is the genealogy given in Compendium of American Genealogy, iv (1930), which gives Dr. Steuart a son:

    James, 1755              : m. 1787, Rebecca Sprigg


William18 Steuart, younger brother of the above George, came to Annapolis in 1720 with his brother George.  We hope to have more about him at a later time. (sic)


Patrick18 Stewart [5th of Ledcreich]  (Alexander17, Patrick16, William15, Patrick14, Alexander13, Duncan12, John11, William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1687, at Ledcreich, Balquhidder parish, Perthshire, was heir to the lairdship of that estate.  He married Elizabeth Menzies, daughter of Dr. Duncan Menzies and his wife Margaret (daughter of Robert Menzies, "cousin german to Sir Robert Menzies of Weem, and grandfather to the present Sir Robert").  With his younger brother William, "in company with six Argyllshire gentlemen, and upwards of 300 common people from Scotland," Patrick and his wife came in 1739 to Wilmington, North Carolina, forming a settlement at Brown's Marsh, on the Cape Fear river.  In 1740 Patrick and Dugald Stewart received grants of land on the Cape Fear River in Bladen county.  In 1756 Patrick had a grant of land on Harnett's Branch, and in 1763, at Brown's Marsh, both in Bladen County.  After the Stuarts failed to re-establish themselves on the throne in 1746 the laird of Ledcreich is said to have decided never to return to Scotland, and sold his estate there to his younger brother, Robert.  On Jan. 18, 1763, he had his son Charles write down his genealogy, from which many of these data are taken.  After the marriage of his daughter Catherine in 1764 he and his wife "removed to South Carolina at the Cheraws, where he died about 1772."  The will of Patrick Stewart of St.David's parish [co-extensive with Cheraws district], S.C., dated May 8, 1772, divided his property among his wife Elizabeth, son James, daughters Catherine Little and Margaret Caraway, and his grandson Charles Stewart Caraway: the executors were Catherine Little and Alexander Gordon.  Children:

    Charles, c.1721         : died in 1765, in Wilmington, N.C., unmarried

    Margaret                   : m. (1) Thomas Stewart, (2) John Caraway

    James                       : m. ______ Vilpontan, in South Carolina

    Catherine                  : m. (1) Dec. 25, 1764, William Little, (2) July --, 1774, John Speed

    Elizabeth                   : m. James Stewart, her cousin


Robert18 Stewart, younger brother of the above Patrick, is said to have purchased the estate of Ledcreich, in southwestern Perthshire, of Patrick, about 1746.


William18 Stewart, younger brother of the above Robert, came from Balquhidder parish, Perthshire, in 1739 with his eldest brother Patrick, and settled in Bladen county, N.C.  He probably lived and died in Bladen county.  Among his children were:

    Thomas         : m. Margaret Stewart

    James           : m. Elizabeth Stewart

The accounting of the Hume-Stewarts of Argaty above is incorrect.  Edson has confused multiple generations of this family in a manner that is too convoluted to sort out here.  Readers should refer to the Stewarts of Annat page for the correct accounting.


Next, Edson continued with our Stewarts in SCM Tome C pp.125-126 (June 1935, vol. xii, no. 12):


James19 Stewart [formerly of Argaty, Ballachallan and Annat] (George Home,18 George,17 Duncan,16, John,15 John,14 Alexander,13 James,12 William,11 William,10 James,9 James,8 Murdoch,7 Robert,6 King Robert5 II), born in 1755 in Maryland, was educated in Edinburgh.  He married, in 1787, Rebecca Sprigg.  He died in 1846 in Maryland.  Son:

    George Hume, 1790   : m. Ann Jane Edmondson : d.1867


James19 Stewart [formerly of Ledcreich] (Patrick18, Alexander17, Patrick16, William15, Patrick14, Alexander13, Duncan12, John11, William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1730, married in South Carolina a Miss Vilpontan.  After the death of Patrick Stewart, his father, in 1772, James had possession of the family bible and the genealogy, as the oldest surviving son.  He left these heirlooms to his only child, Ann.  At her death in Union county, S.C., without issue, after the death of her second husband, the bible and manuscript came into the hands of a Mr. Gist, brother to Ann's late husband.  Mr. Gist, upon request, turned them over to Morgan Brown, husband of Catherine Little, daughter of William and Catherine (Stewart) Little, --122.  Morgan Brown added to the genealogy, and left the records to his son, Morgan Brown of Nashville, Tenn.  James' only child:

    Ann  : m. (1) Edward Tonge of Cane Acres, S.C., (2) ____ Gist


Thomas19 Stewart [of the Ledcreich family] (William18, Alexander17), born about 1730, in Balquhidder, Perthshire, Scotland, came with is parents in 1739 to Bladen county, N.C.  [He is not known to have been a son of William.]  He married Margaret Stewart, daughter of Patrick Stewart of Brown's Marsh.  He died some years before 1772, the date of Patrick Stewart's will, at which time Margaret had children by her second husband.  After his death his widow married John Caraway, by whom she had four sons – James, Charles, Thomas and Robert Caraway.  Only child of Thomas Stewart:

    Elizabeth       : died, an old maid, on her plantation on the Cape Fear River.


James19 Stewart, probably a brother of the above Thomas, was born about 1735, in Scotland, and came with his parents in 1739 to Bladen County, N.C.  He married his cousin, Elizabeth Stewart, daughter of Patrick Stewart of Brown's Marsh.  He perhaps lived for a time in that part of Bladen county which was set off as Robeson county [cf. Charles, B:171].  Children:

    Catherine                  : m. Thomas Caraway

    James Caraway         : lived in Mississippi

    Elizabeth                   : m. William Gordon

    Margaret                   : m. _____ Pope : lived in South Carolina

    Charles                     : joined the patriots in Mexico [1810] and was never heard from

Edson continued with our Stewarts in SCM Tome C p.189 (August 1936, vol. xiv, no. 2):


William18 Stewart [of the Ledcreich family] (Alexander17, Patrick16, William15, Patrick14, Alexander13, Duncan12, John11, William10, James9, James8, Murdoch7, Robert6, King Robert II5), born about 1691 in Balquhidder, Perthshire, younger brother of Patrick, laird of Ledcreich, married (1) Jean McDougal.*  In 1730 [1739] he, a widower with several children, came from Scotland with his brother Patrick in a company of over 300 immigrants to North Carolina and settled in Bladen county on the Cape Fear river.  William located near Raleigh, Wake County.  He married (2) widow Janet Williamson.  Children:


    Duncan         : m. Penelope Jones : went to Tennessee

    Charles         : twin of Duncan



    Elizabeth       : m. Lovich Ventress of Tennessee

    Janet                        : m. Capt. John Stewart, half-pay British officer

Edson now presents the sons of William:


Capt. Patrick19 Stuart (William18), one of the elder sons of William, was a Tory during the Revolutionary war and was a captain in the British army.  He spelled his name Stuart, but his brother Duncan, who was favorable to the colonial cause, refused to spell his name the same as Patrick.  "Patrick Stuart was progenitor of Capt. Madison Bachelor of Vicksburg, Miss., who is representative of that family, being great-great-grandson of Patrick," 1891.


Col. Duncan19 Stewart (William18) was a son of William by his first marriage.  He refused to spell his name Stuart as his brother Patrick did.  He entered the Revolutionary army as a private and was promoted to the rank of colonel.  [He was probably the Duncan Stewart+ who was granted land at Beaver Dam, Bladen County, N.C., in 1791.]  In 1797 or thereabout Duncan and his brother James went to Tennessee and settled at Clarksville, Montgomery county.  Duncan married Penelope Jones, daughter of Col. Tegrial Jones of that state.  He was very wealthy, and was a member of the Tennessee legislature.  In 1803 part of Montgomery county was set off and named Stewart county in his honor.++  Col. Stewart removed about 1808 to Mississippi and established the Stewart plantation in Wilkinson county.  He became surveyor general and later lieutenant-governor of Mississippi.  Children:

    William                     : died in infancy

    Catherine                  : m. Judge Harry Cage : d.1829

    Tegrial Jones, 1800    : m. Sarah A. Randolph : d.1855

    Eliza                         : m. Col. W. S. Hamilton : d.1870

    James A.,1811          : m. Julianna Randolph, sister of Sarah : d.1883

    Charles Duncan         : m. Julia Black : father of John Black Stewart, author


Charles19 Stewart (William18) was a twin brother of Duncan.  He is buried at the Ventress place one mile north of the old Stewart estate in Wilkinson county, Miss.  [Compare Charles Stewart, born Jan. 16, 1761, in Bladen county, N.C., --B:171]


James19 Stewart (William18) was a son of William by his first marriage.  He went with his brother Duncan to Clarksville, Tenn., about 1797.  He was perhaps the James Stewart who married his cousin Elizabeth, daughter of Patrick Stewart of Brown's Marsh, --122.


* From Biographical and Historical Memoirs of Mississippi, 1891, notes sent by Mrs. E. Kittredge Sims.

+ Duncan Stewart, esq., 3-0-6 [shown in 1790 census with 3 males over 16, 0 males under 16 and 6 females], with 30 slaves, was enumerated in New Hanover County, N.C., in 1790.

++ Note by Mrs. Harold Weaver of Edmondson, Ark., descendant of William Stewart of Virginia, --B:286.

The next reference to the Stewarts of Balquhidder occurs in January 1940, but that reference has been moved to the end of the present article for better narrative continuity.

The Stewarts of Cape Fear, North Carolina

At the time of compiling this article for the Stewarts of Balquhidder Research Forum, neither Jared nor I have verified the accuracy of the Cape Fear Stewart articles in SCM.  Our co-founder, Chuck Speed, is descended from this line, and perhaps over time we will be able to provide further commentary on the Cape Fear Stewarts.  In the meantime, the reader is referred to Chuck Speed's Report on the Stewarts of Ledcreich for comparison. 

Next, I find Edson mentioning the Stewarts of Balquhidder in SCM Tome G pp.177-179 (December 1956, vol. 34, no. 6).  Page 177 appears as follows:


                            Stewarts in the Cape Fear Section of North Carolina

                            Resumed from page 230, tome E, and page 4, tome F


As previously stated, the earliest families named Stewart who settled in the flat watershed of the Cape Fear river of North Carolina were Highlanders from Argyleshire and western Perthshire.  "As early as 1729 several families of Scotch Highlanders had settled on the Cape Fear river in North Carolina," said the book, JOHN ARCHIBALD CAMPBELL, 1920.  "They found a genial climate, a fertile soil, and a mild and liberal government.  Their letters to friends and relatives in Scotland glowed with praise of their new home.  Accordingly, when Neill McNeill, who had been one of the first Scotch settlers on the Cape Fear River, returned from a visit to Scotland in 1739 he brought with him 350 Highlanders.  The General Assembly, anxious to encourage further immigration of these sturdy settlers, exempted them from public and private taxes for ten years and offered the same inducement to any of their countrymen who might follow them."  The Highlanders selected a place at the head of navigation (now Fayetteville, Cumberland County) for their central market, and ships bringing large numbers of settlers from Islay, Skye, Sunderland and other parts of the Highlands began coming in.  By the year 1754 the settlement had grown so important that the General Assembly erected it into a county, named Cumberland, which then included what are now Harnett, Wake (part), Lee (part), Moore and Hoke (part) counties.  Prior to its erection Cumberland was part of Bladen County, established in 1734.  In 1749 Anson County, at that time containing Richmond (1779), part of Hoke (1911) and other counties west and north, was set off from Bladen CountyRobeson County, also populated with Highland families, was set off from Bladen County in 1786, and contained part of Hoke CountyScotland County was part of Richmond County until 1899.


                 Alexander17                                                                        Donald17

                         | of Ledcreich                                                                    | of Auchnaquone

                         | m. Catherine Stewart, daughter of Alexander16              |

     __________|___________________________                                   |

     |                                                                          |                                  |

 Patrick*                                                            William                        Dugald+

     | wife Elizabeth Menzies                                    | died 1778                  |

     |                                                                          | wife Janet                 |

   _|________________            _______________|______                      |

  |              |         |          |           |               |           |              |                     |

Charles James Marg't  Eliz.    Patrick   Duncan   James   Charles      Thomas

                 | went to South Carolina          | went to Tennessee                 | married Margaret Stewart


* "Patrick Stewart, late of Ledcreich, who is now (1739) settled in Carolina," wrote Duncan Stewart in his A SHORT HISTORICAL AND GENEALOGICAL ACCOUNT OF THE ROYAL FAMILY OF SCOTLAND, 1739, sold the estate of Ledcreich in Balquhidder, to John Stewart, younger son of John16 and Ann (Campbell) Stewart of Aucharn, =B:7.  This John Stewart who purchased Ledcreich had an elder brother, Alexander, who inherited Aucharn.  Their father, John16 Stewart of Aucharn, was eldest of five sons of Alexander15 Stewart, second son Duncan14 Stewart of Ardsheal, a cadet of the Stewarts of Appin, Argyleshire.  The names of the other three sons are not stated.

+ Donald17 Stewart of Auchnaquone, Argyleshire, who had brothers Alexander, Duncan, Alan and Dugald, was descended from Dugald11 Stewart of Auchnaquone, third son of Sir Alan10 Stewart of Appin, =B:3.  There are five or six generations unaccounted for.  "The old and valuable papers of the Achnacone|Auchnaquone| family," said THE STEWARTS OF APPIN, 1880, "have, unfortunately, been lost." 

[Continuing now with pages 178-179, which include another, even larger, genealogical table . . .]


Alexander17 Stewart, born about 1676 in Balquhidder parish, in western Perthshire, Scotland, was the only son of Gen. Patrick16 Stewart of Ledcreich, an officer in the armies of Kings Charles I, Charles II and James II.  This Patrick16, according to James Caraway in an interpolation in the manuscript genealogy of this family, written in 1763, "fought in 25 battles, besides skirmishes, and suffered much [financially] on account of his loyalty to the family."  Alexander17 married Catherine Stewart, daughter of Alexander16, "brother of Robert16 Stewart of Glenagle, predecessor to John Stewart of Hyndfield, or Stronvar."  The Glenagle line of Stewarts has not been written up.  It runs somewhat like this:


                                                        WILLIAM10 STEWART

                                                                       | of Baldorran, Balquhidder, Perthshire, =C:51


    |                                        |                                                                                    |

Walter                               John                                                                            Andrew11

    | of Baldorran                   | of Glenbucky                                                              |

     ____________________|_______                    _________________________|_______

    |                                                        |                  |                                                                 |

Duncan12                                      Patrick12       Alexander12                                               John12

    |                                                                           | of Gartnafuaroe                                       | of Blairgarry

    |                                 _____________________|_________

    |                                |                                                             |

Alexander13            Andrew                                                  Robert13

    |                                |  m. dau. of Patrick12 of Glenbucky     | of Glenagle

    |                                                                                              |

Patrick14                                                                               ______14

    |                                                                                               | of Glenagle

    |                                                                                               |

William15                                                                                Duncan15

    | of Glenbucky                                                                         | of Glenagle; m. Janet, dau. of Alex14 of Ardvorlich

    |                                     _____________________________|__________________

    |                                    |                                                                                                |

Patrick16                   Alexander16                                                                                Robert16

    | of Ledcreich                |                                                                                                | of Glenagle

    |                                     |                                                                                                |

Alexander17              Catherine17                                                                                _______17

    | of Ledcreich                | m. Alexander17 Stewart of Ledcreich                                  | of Hyndfield


 |                            |

Patrick18         William18


Since Alexander17 Stewart of the Ledcreich household married a daughter of the Glenagle household, and the degree of consanguinity is known fairly closely, it may be assumed that some of the mysterious Stewarts who came from Scotland to the Cape Fear section of North Carolina were related to the well known Patrick18 and William18, not through the direct line, but through the various interlocking marriages so much favored among Highland clans.  The mountain families had long ago adopted the Gaelic tongue, and they generally remained Catholic after the Lowlanders, who were their foes, changed to the Scottish church.  Distances in Scotland are not too great: the whole country -- islands and all -- is no greater an area than North Carolina, and its loftiest mountains are not as high as some mountains in that state.


The chart above is ragged, showing many possibilities of descent.  The writer of the Patrick Stewart genealogy, 1763, stated that "Patrick Stewart and his wife came to America in company with six Argyleshire gentleman and above 300 common people from Scotland to Cape Fear in North Carolina in the year 1739."  By the word 'gentlemen' he meant men who were of the class of landlords, or tenants of the king, while 'common' people were those who held no royal property or privilege.  "Patrick Stewart of Ledcreich, in Balquhidder, in the southeast district of Perthshire," the narrator wrote, "and Elizabeth, his wife, daughter of Dr. Duncan Menzies and his wife Margaret (daughter of Robert Menzies, cousin german to Sir Robert Menzies of Weems and grandfather of the present Sir Robert), and William Stewart, brother german to the said Patrick."  That is not a sentence, but was written down as the first step in the genealogy, which proceeded backward.  "The said Patrick was oldest lawful son of Alexander Stewart of Ledcreich," etc.  This is evidence that Alexander17 of Ledcreich had at least two sons -- Patrick and William.  These two got their names in print because they came to North Carolina together.  Another son may have stayed in Scotland, or have come over later.  The tale that Patrick sold his estate to "a younger brother" is untrue, for Duncan Stewart, a contemporary writer who was on the ground, said he sold it to John17 Stewart, younger son of John16 Stewart of Aucharn in Argyleshire and grandson of Alexander15 Stewart who was "killed in the attack made at the church of Dunkeld, soon after [the battle of] Killiekranky, 1689."  This Alexander15 Stewart was the second son of Duncan14 Stewart of Ardsheal, =B:6.  This Duncan14 had six sons -- John, Alexander, Alan, William, James and Duncan, who was killed at Dunkeld with his brother Alexander.


The tale that Patrick18 sold his Ledcreich property "when the prince [Charles Stuart] failed to establish himself on the throne" is 1746 is also untrue.  He had sold it by 1730, for Duncan Stewart, who died in 1730, said he had sold it.*  Patrick must have been in possession of the estate by 1739, the year he and his brother William came to America, and, if so, his father Alexander17 was dead by that time.  Until further records are available we can say with certainty only that Alexander17 had two sons:

    Patrick, c.1705          : m. Elizabeth Menzies : died in 1772

    William                     : m.(1) _______, (2) Janet ______ : died 1778


* There is likely to be an error here.  Although Duncan Stewart, the historian, died in 1730 his work was not printed until 1739.  Before going to the printer his manuscript was revised and brought up to date by some other person.  So Patrick could have sold Ledcreich as late as 1739.



Edson continued with our Stewarts in SCM Tome G pp.181-183 (January 1957, vol. 34, no. 7):


                            Stewarts in the Cape Fear Section of North Carolina

                                            Continued from page 179


Patrick18 Stewart (Alexander17, Patrick16), born about 1705* in Balquhidder parish, Perthshire, Scotland, was, no doubt, well acquainted with his maternal grandfather, Alexander Stewart, who was a younger brother of Robert16 Stewart of Glenagle.  He probably knew his cousins.  He perhaps knew Rob Roy (Red) McGregor, for Sir Walter Scott, in his story of Rob Roy, wrote: "Stewart of Appin was proprietor of a hill-farm in the Braes of Balquhidder, called Invernenty.  The McGregors of Rob Roy's tribe claimed a right to it by ancient occupancy, and declared they would oppose to the uttermost the settlement of any person upon the farm not being of their own name.  The Stewarts came down with two hundred men, well armed, to do themselves justice by main force."  Rob Roy, unable to muster an equal number, offered to give up the disputed territory of Invernenty.  "Appin, accordingly, settled as tenants there, at an easy quit-rent, the McLarens, a family dependent on the Stewarts, and from whose character for strength and bravery, it was expected that they would make their right good if annoyed by the McGregors.  When all this had been amicably adjusted, in the presence of the two clans drawn up in arms near the Kirk of Balquhidder, Rob Roy stepped forward . . . to invite any gentleman of the Stewarts present to exchange a few blows with him for the honor of the respective clans.  The brother-in-law of Appin, and second chieftain of the clan, Alaster Stewart of Invernahyle,+ accepted the challenge, and they encountered with broadsword and target before their respective kinsmen.  The combat lasted till Rob received a slight wound in the arm, which was the usual termination of such a combat."  The encounter is believed to have occurred about 1738.  Patrick Stewart sold his lands of Ledcreich in Balquhidder to John Stewart, a younger son of John Stewart of Aucharn in Argyleshire, and sailed with his wife and young children for American in 1739.  He and John McLauren bought Oct. 31, 1739, of Ann Shirley two tracts of land of 300 acres each in Bladen County, North Carolina.  Later, on May 21, 1741, he was granted a patent to 600 acres of land on Maple branch, in the same county.  He, "of New Hanover county," sold to John McLauren on June 16, 1747, his half of the 600-acre tract which together they had bought of Ann Shirley in 1739.  On Sep. 29, 1750, Patrick was granted 200 acres on John Young's path between Six Runs and Goshen swamp in Sampson [then in Duplin] County.  He sold this place to Peter Smith for 20 pounds on Feb. 23, 1754.  At that time he was residing on the place, for the deed said that he was "of Duplin County."  He evidently moved to Bladen County within the next twelve years, for on Dec. 19, 1766, Pat. Stuart++ and Peter Broades signed as witnesses to a deed from Joseph Clarke to James Stewart of Bladen County, conveying… [continued below footnotes]


* This date is speculative.  He may have been born even before the year 1700.

+ This may have been Alexander14 Stewart of Invernahyle, who married a daughter of Duncan14 Stewart, seventh chief of Appin, =B:5.

++ This Pat. Stewart may have been the son of William18 Stewart, for it is said that he changed the spelling of his name to Stuart.


…292 acres of land on the south bank of Cape Fear River, in Bladen county.  James Stewart had, by that date, married Patrick's daughter Elizabeth.  Some eight months later, on Aug. 7, 1767, "Patrick Stewart, late of Bladen County," deeded to his grandson, Charles Stewart Carraway, "son to John Carraway & Margaret, his wife, my oldest lawful daughter," for love and affection, a negro lad named Sambo.  This deed, which was recorded in Cumberland County, stipulated that if Charles Stewart Carraway should die before his marriage the negro should "return to his full brother, James Carraway."  Margaret had first married one Thomas Stewart, who died early, leaving her with a little daughter, Elizabeth; and she afterward married John Carraway, by whom she had four children -- James, Charles, Thomas and Robert.*  Robert Carraway died young.  Patrick's son Charles died in 1765 in Wilmington, unmarried, and James went to Dorchester county, South Carolina, perhaps because he had relatives there.+  Charles was, perhaps, the Charles Stewart, mariner, "of Brunswick in county & province of North Carolina & New Hanover County"++ who, on Aug. 16, 1759, gave power-of-attorney to William Bradley to collect his share of prize money and salary which might be due him for his services and prize money of captives taken by Thomas Wright, commander of the Hawk, a privateersman, "on board the said brigt. Hawk on his last cruise."  After the marriage of his daughter Catherine to William Little, jr., (of Edenton) in 1764 Patrick Stewart went to live in South Carolina, "at the Cheraws," probably in that part which is now Darlington county.  There he died some time before the Revolutionary war.  Designing himself as "Patrick Stewart of St.David's parish" (which was Cheraws district, formed in 1768), he made his will May 8, 1772.  He appointed as his executors Catherine Little and Alexander Gordon, and named his wife Elizabeth; son James; daughter Catherin Little; daughter Margaret Carraway; and grandson Charles Stewart Carraway.  Children:

    Margaret, c.1730        : m. (1) Thomas Stewart, (2) John Carraway

    James                       : m. ______ Vilpontan : had daughter Ann

    Charles                     : died in 1765 in Wilmington, unmarried

    Catherine                  : m. (1) Dec. 26, 1764, William Little, (2) John Speed

    Elizabeth                   : m. James Stewart (of Robeson county)


William 18 Stewart (Alexander17, Patrick16) was born about 1711 in Balquhidder parish, Perthshire, Scotland.  MEMOIRS OF MISSISSIPPI stated that he married (1) in Scotland a Miss Colvin, who died, and he, "a widower with several children," came to North Carolina in 1739 in company of his elder brother Patrick and six gentlemen from Argyleshire and some 300 common people, and located near Raleigh.  "Patrick Stuart, one of the elder sons of William, was a Tory during the Revolution and was a captain in the British army.  He spelled his named Stuart.  Duncan, James and Charles were the other sons of William by his first marriage."  This account does not jibe with another account, which said that William was unmarried when he came over.  Apparently he married a widow, Janet ______, said to have been a McDougal (who first married a Williamson), with children by a former husband, "and by her he had eight children."@  The deed records show that William Stewart… [continued below footnotes]


* This information about Margaret came from the pen of her son, James Carraway, who post-scripted it to the genealogy which had been arranged by his grandfather, Patrick Stewart.


+ AMERICANS OF GENTLE BIRTH stated that Patrick and Elizabeth (Menzies) Stewart had a son named John, who settled first in North Carolina but moved to Dorchester County, South Carolina, around 1723, =A:173.  This is partly fabrication, but it may have said something.


++ The town of Brunswick, now in Brunswick County, was in New Hanover County prior to 1764.


@ The tradition that William Stewart was twice married, that the wives' names were Colvin, McDougal or Williamson and that his son Patrick was a Tory captain in the Revolution came many years ago from a great-granddaughter of Lovich and Elizabeth (Stewart) Ventress, living in Mississippi.



[continued from above] …got a patent Mar. 2, 1754, to 90 acres of land on Clear run, "above Doctor Green's land," in Duplin [later in Sampson] County.  William Stewart " of Duplin County," planter, sold Jan. 11, 1760, to Bird Lanier, for 10 pounds, 100 acres on the east side of the Six Runs in Duplin [Sampson] County, adjoining John Miller.  From a deed made in 1799 by William's son Duncan it would seem that William owned a store at Six Runs Bridge.  Of Bladen County on Oct. 17, 1768, William Stewart, planter, sold to Solomon Johnston for 10 pounds the 90-acre tract on Clear run "in Duplin County" which he had obtained by patent Mar. 2, 1754.  The witnesses to his deed were William Robinson and Mary Williamson.  In September, 1770, William Stewart of Bladen County, planter, bought of Daniel Norton for 100 pounds 540 acres of land on the Brown marsh in Bladen County.  The witnesses to this deed were Alexander Stewart* and William McNeill.  William Stewart got a patent Dec. 22, 1770, to 200 acres on the northeast side of South River, on Jumping Run (in Sampson county), and a patent Apr. 18, 1771, to 400 acres on the east side of South River, in the same county, and he possessed these properties at his death.  On July 10, 1775, William Stewart of Bladen County and wife Janet deeded to William McNeill, also of Bladen County, for 300 pounds, 540 acres on the Brown Marsh which William had bought of Daniel Norton in 1770.  The witnesses to this deed were Neill McCoulsbey and David Bailey.  The Revolutionary war came on, and the Scots in the settlement were bitterly divided.  Many of those who had come from Scotland as refugees from the wrath of King George's government for their part in the rising of 1745 in favor of Prince Charles Stuart were worked on by royalist agents, and by the flamboyant appeal of Mrs. Flora McDonald, who had been sent to North Carolina for the purpose, and made to believe that they should take up arms and help suppress the rebellion.  It is doubtful if William Stewart had any part in this confusion.  He died during the war.  After his death+ patents were issued in his name to two tracts of land in Bladen County which he had applied for -- 200 acres on Big Colly Swamp at Reedy Marsh, granted Oct. 23, 1782, and 400 acres on the east side of Big Colly Swamp, granted Nov. 7, 1784.  He made his will Aug. 22, 1778, with Robert Hendry, Ann Stewart and Elizabeth Stewart for witnesses.  He appointed as executors his wife Janet, his son Duncan, and David Bailey.  He gave to his wife during her lifetime a number of negro slaves and "the plantation whereon I now live" in Bladen County "that is known by the name of Newfield and one of the name of Skippersfield, as also my horses," etc., etc.  He bequeathed negroes to each of his sons Duncan, James and Charles and daughters Catherine, Janette, Ann, Helen and Elizabeth; and one shilling sterling to his daughter Margaret Spiler.  He gave a negro slave to "my wife's granddaughter Janette Bailey"; a young negro to "my wife's granddaughter Janette White"; and 20 pounds to William Stewart Bailey and 20 pounds to William Stewart Wright.  He bequeathed 50 pounds to his grandson Walter Stewart when 21, "if he does not receive any of his father's property."  He then divided among his sons Duncan, James and Charles his mills in New Hanover County, his saw-mill and land in Bladen County on the west side of South River, his land on the east side of South River, his two tracts on Colly Swamp, his three tracts on Cypress Creek and his three tracts on Beaverdeam.  Children:++

    Margaret, c.1744        : m. _______ Spiler or Spiller ("Lawyer")

    Patrick                      : died before his father, leaving a son Walter


    Catherine                  : m. _______ Dwangher

    Duncan                     : mb. Oct. 19, 1797, Penelope Jones, Wake County

    Janet                                    : m. John Stewart, "half-pay British captain"

    Ann                          : m. James Carraway

    James                       : m. (1) Catherine Nolan, (2) Jane _____, =E:237

    Charles                     : mb. Apr. 11, 1798, Polly Jones, Wake County

    Helen                        : she was otherwise called Elinor

    Elizabeth                   : m. Lovich Ventress, Tennessee : to Mississippi


*This was probably the Alexander Stewart who was captain of a company of thirty men who took part, on the king's side, in the battle of Moore's Creek Bridge in February, 1776, named in the book, FLORA MCDONALD IN AMERICA, 1909.  There was also a William Stewart with the Highlanders.


+ William may have survived the war.  The date of probate of his will is not known.


++ Some of the names of spouses were supplied by Mrs. D. W. Pipes of New Orleans in 1936.



Edson continued with our Stewarts in SCM Tome G pp.185-188 (February 1957, vol. 34, no. 8):


                            Stewarts in the Cape Fear Section of North Carolina

                                            Continued from page 184


James19 Stewart (Patrick18, Alexander17, Patrick16), born about 1732 in Balquhidder parish, Perthshire, Scotland, was transported to North Carolina by his parents in 1739.  His presence around home is little noted.  He may have accompanied his parents to the Cheraws in South Carolina about 1768.  He was named in his father's will in 1772  He is said to have married in South Carolina a Miss Vilpontan, by whom he had an only child, Ann, who married (in 1794) Edward Tonge.  A newspaper published at Charleston, in its issue of Tuesday, Nov. 3, 1794, gave a brief announcement of the wedding of Edward Tonge, esq., of St.Paul's parish (Colleton) and Miss Ann Stewart of St.George's Dorchester.  This would indicate that Ann's father resided, or had resided, in St.George's parish, Dorchester.  And this suggests that he, very likely, belonged to the same family of Stewarts as the Duncan Stewart of St.George's Dorchester whose will, dated May 1, 1746, and probated July 5, 1748, named his brothers and sisters John of St.Paul's parish, who had sons James and John; Daniel; Alexander; Janet; Grizel; Elspeth; and Margaret, =F:174.  The surname was spelled Stuart in the will.  Edward Tonge, esq., was born Sep. 13, 1769, son of John & Susanna Tonge, and died Oct. 18, 1809, at his mansion house on Cane Acres in St.Paul's parish, as shown by a tombstone "Erected to his memory by his most affectionate wife Ann" in an old graveyard by the side of the road between Bacon's Bridge and Charleston.  Ann was Edward's second wife, he having married when rather young Elizabeth Murray, who was born Oct. 25, 1772, in Charleston, and died July 15, 1788, in that city, aged 15 years and 8 months, as stated on a stone erected by her husband in 1794.  Ann's mother-in-law, Susanna Tonge, continued to reside at Cane Acres until her death Aug. 18, 1828, at the age of 86 years.  Ann had no children by Edward, and awhile after his death in 1809 she married a man named Gist and went to live in Union county, S.C.  There Mr. Gist died, and some time afterward she died, childless.  In her possession was a big bible which had belonged to her father, James19 Stewart, and placed within it was the family lineage running back to King Robert II of Scotland which her grandfather, Patrick Stewart, had had his son Charles write out from "uncontroverted history."  A brother of Ann's second husband, upon request, sent "this ancient paper" to Morgan Brown, who married Elizabeth Little, born Nov. 24, 1765, daughter of William and Catherine (Stewart) Little.  Elizabeth Little was a cousin to Ann.


Charles19 Stewart (Patrick18, Alexander17, Patrick16), [brother to the preceding James] born about 1736 in Scotland, never married, it is said.  He was perhaps a seafaring man, or a soldier.  In 1763 his father, irritated by a delay in receiving an acknowledgement from the author of a Stewart genealogy in Scotland that certain errors in the laird of Ledcreich's pedigree were to be corrected in the manuscript, got out his family papers and had Charles write down a true record, ending: "This is the ingenuous history of my pedigree by uncontroverted history. PAT. STEWART."  Charles died in 1765 in Wilmington.


Margaret19 Stewart (Patrick18, Alexander17, Patrick16), [sister to the preceding James and Charles] born about 1730, married (1) Thomas Stewart.  He was the eldest son of Dugald Stewart, who received a grant June 4, 1740, of 640 acres of land along the south bank of Cape Fear River in Cumberland [at that time part of Bladen] County, =E:233.  Dugald Stewart apparently came from Scotland, with his wife and some children, in 1739 in the same influx of highland settlers as Patrick Stewart, =181.*  Dugald died, intestate, prior to Apr. 13, 1756, when Thomas Stewart, his "oldest son and heir at law," sold 200 of the 640 acres to John Rea.  Thomas died about 1760, leaving issue an only child, Elizabeth.  This Elizabeth Stewart never married, and at her death some time after Apr. 7, 1812, she devised her plantation (apparently the remaining 440 acres of her father's estate) to her cousins -- Robert, Hector and Dugald Stewart -- and gave her slaves to her nieces, Eliza and Janet Carraway, daughters of James Carraway.+  Elizabeth's cousins -- Robert, Hector and Dugald Stewart -- almost had to be grandsons of Dugald through a younger brother of Thomas.  After Thomas Stewart's death the widow Margaret married John Carraway, by whom she had four sons.  Her father gave one of her sons, Charles Stewart Carraway, a negro servant named Sambo, in 1767, which shows that Margaret, by that time, had children by her second marriage.  Her father furthermore remembered this boy in his will in 1772.  It is probable that the Carraways++ went into South Carolina with Margaret's parents, and eventually went to West Tennessee.  However, Thomas Carraway, Margaret's third son, was in Cumberland County, N.C., in 1801.  Children of Margaret:

    Elizabeth, c.1760                   : died about 1812, unmarried


    James Carraway                     : evidently went to Montgomery county, Tenn.

    Charles Stewart Carraway       : named in grandfather's will, 1772

    Thomas Carraway                   : m. Catherine Stewart, a cousin

    Robert Carraway                     : died as a youth


Catherine19 Stewart (Patrick18, Alexander17, Patrick16), [sister to the preceding James, Charles and Margaret] born about 1742, married (1) Dec. 25, 1764, William Little, Jr., of Edenton, N.C.  Sometime after their marriage Catherine and her husband moved from Bladen County to Cheraws District, South Carolina, in company with her parents.  Mr. Little died in the latter part of 1766.  When Catherine's father made his will in 1772 he appointed her and Alexander Gordon executors.  She married (2) July --, 1774, John Speed.  These data are from a sketch written by Morgan Brown, who was born in 1758 and married in 1784, as his second wife, Elizabeth Little, daughter of William and Catherine.  From this Elizabeth (Little) Brown, through her three daughters -- Elizabeth, Sarah and Catherine Stewart Brown -- are descended several families of prominence in the South.  The time and place of Catherine's death were not noted.  Children: [continued after footnotes]



* It could be that it was Dugald, rather than William, who was the "younger brother" who came over with Patrick in 1739.  It is remarkable that William's name did not appear earlier than 1754 in the land records -- fifteen years after his arrival.  Patrick Stewart's own account, however, dated Jan. 18, 1763, named William as his brother but it did not say that William came with him.  The account did not mention Dugald Stewart, who was not living when it was written, nor did Patrick in his will in 1772 refer in any manner to grandchildren who might have been Dugald's also.


+ A mystifying document recorded in Montgomery County, Tennessee, is a power-of-attorney, dated Sep. 1, 1809, to Duncan Stewart from Joseph French, authorizing Stewart to sell two tracts of land in Montgomery County, one of which was 100 acres of a warrant "originally issued to Thomas Stewart and by the board of commissioners of West Tennessee to the benefit of James Carraway," and the other being 150 acres on Fletcher's fork of the Little West fork (of Red River).


++ The census of 1790, Cumberland County, N.C., showed these residents:  William Carraway, 1-2-3 [1 male >16, 2 males <16, 3 females]; John Carraway, Sr., 1-0-2 [1 male >16, 0 males <16, 2 females] and fourteen negroes; John Carraway, Jr., 1-2-2 [1 male >16, 2 males <16, 2 females]; and Thomas Carraway, 2-0-0 [2 males >16].  The Stewarts listed were numerous.  In Cheraw district (Marlborough, Chesterfield and Darlington Counties), S.C., were Charles Stewart, 1-1-1 [1m>16, 1m<16, 1f]; James Stewart, 1-4-3 [1m>16, 4m<16, 3f] and a slave; John Stewart, sr., 1-5-3 [1m>16, 5m<16, 3f] and a slave; John Stewart, Jr., 1-3-2 [1m>16, 3m<16, 2f], =F:217; and William Stewart, 1-0-0 [1m>16, 0m<16, 0f].


 [Children of Catharine Stewart, continued from above]


    Elizabeth Little, Nov. 24, 1765             : m. 1784, Morgan Brown


    James Speed

    Sarah Speed                                     : m. William Pigues : had children


Elizabeth19 Stewart (Patrick18, Alexander17, Patrick16), [sister to the preceding James, Charles, Margaret and Catharine] born about 1744, married James Stewart, her cousin.  The biographical sketch written presumably by Morgan Brown spoke of Elizabeth as "youngest daughter of Patrick Stewart" and gave the names of her five children, with a bit about them, such as "James Carraway Stewart, living in Mississippi,"* but said no more about Elizabeth or her husband, except to state that they were cousins.  As this James was not the son of William, brother of Patrick, he may have been a brother -- or even cousin -- of Thomas Stewart, who married Elizabeth's sister Margaret, for their mutual affiliation with the Carraway family is indicative of that, =E:235.  The earliest trace of this James Stewart+ in the land records was when he bought Dec. 19, 1766, of Joseph Clarke, for 220 pounds, 292 acres of land along the banks of Cape Fear River, on the southwest side, in Bladen County, and Pat. Stuart and Peter Broades signed as witnesses.  The purchase money may have been supplied by Elizabeth's father as a dowry, for that was about the time she was married to James Stewart.  Old Patrick Stewart stuck to the spelling Stewart, and it may have been William's son Patrick, of Tory leanings, who signed as a witness.  Young Patrick and James may have been hobnobbing together, since the arrival of a considerable number of Highlanders who had been in the fighting of 1745-6 had stirred up a political commotion in the localities where they settled.  Liberal grants of land were made to the erstwhile 'rebels', and each grant was so worded as to impress upon the recipient that it was bestowed directly by the gracious hand of his majesty, the King of Great Britain.  It irked the old-timers, as if they were looked upon as the tagrag [sic – see below] and bobtail of the population.  James Stewart sold July 22, 1775, to John Slingsby of Wilmington, New Hanover County, for 268 pounds, the 292 acres on the Cape Fear River, which he had bought Dec. 19. 1766, of Joseph Clarke.  After the defeat of the Tory militia at Moore's Creek Bridge on Feb. 27, 1776, James appeared as a land-owner in Robeson County, between Sept. 17, 1777, and Oct. 10, 1787, by purchase or patent under the state government, until he owned six or seven tracts of land, mostly on Drowning Creek and Ashpole Swamp.  He died or disappeared before 1790, for the census of that year showed Elizabeth Stewart, 0-3-1 [0m>16, 3m<16, 1f]; that is, no man over 16 years of age, three boys under 16, and one woman, including the head of the family.  In 1795 Elizabeth brought a suit of attachment against James' property, and as a result the sheriff sold July 18, 1795, 200 acres of his land on Drowning creek to Thomas Carraway, who conveyed it to Elizabeth on Nov. 16, 1795.  Thereupon Elizabeth -- signing her name Stuart -- sold the place Nov. 23, 1795, for 60 pounds, to John Davis, who was living on the place at the time.  On Aug. 20, 1800, James Stuart of Adams county, Mississippi Territory, deeded to Thomas Carraway of Cumberland county and Charles Stuart of Robeson county, for $2000, his interest in the six tracts of land in Robeson county, totaling 960 acres, which had belonged to his father, James Stewart.  Witnesses to this deed were James Carraway, Hugh McLachlan and C. S. Carraway.  Thomas Carraway++ and Charles G. Stuart of Cumberland County sold three of the tracts May 2, 1801, to Giles Williams, for $1000, and the other three to Absalom Williams for $1000, the witnesses to both deeds being George Moore and Benjamin Lee.  Children of James and Elizabeth19: [continued below footnotes]



* As the James Stuart referred to was dead by Sep. 28, 1824, this was written before that date.


+ Still, this James Stewart may have been Patrick's son instead of his new son-in-law.


++ Thomas Carraway and William Jordan were administrators of the estate of Charles Stewart in Montgomery county, Tennessee, in 1817, =E:237.



[Children of James and Elizabeth continued from above]


    Catherine                              : m. Thomas Carraway

    James*, Sep. 23, 1767           : m. May 25, 1796, Lucretia Calvert, Natchez, Mississippi

    Elizabeth                               : m. William Jordan

    Margaret+                              : m. _____ Pope : lived in South Carolina

    Charles                                 : "joined the patriots in Mexico and was never heard from"



* It was James Carraway Stewart, "living in Mississippi," in Morgan Brown's sketch.


+ Margaret's date of birth was probably in the late 1760s or early 1770s, and she must have been married before the census of 1790 was taken.  She had some brothers who are unaccounted for.



P.S.  The word "tagrag" above is not a typo – I expected it to be "ragtag," but Edson has "tagrag."


Edson continued with our Stewarts in SCM Tome G pp.189-192 (March 1957, vol. 34, no. 9):


                            Stewarts in the Cape Fear Section of North Carolina

                                            Continued from page 188


Patrick19 Stewart (William18, Alexander17, Patrick16), born about 1736, probably in Balquhidder parish, Perthshire, Scotland, was said to be William's eldest son and to have been brought to North Carolina as a child.  "At the commencement of the Revolutionary war he received an appointment as captain of Minute Men of North Carolina," said the Invincible Magazine of History and Biography (April, 1913) volume 1, number 1, "and fought at Moore's Creek, above Wilmington, against Tories under McLeod and McDonald.  He died before the close of the war."  This traditionary statement was meant to cover the elder Patrick Stewart, uncle of this Patrick, but it hardly could, for the older Patrick had moved to South Carolina and was probably dead by 1775.  The governor of North Carolina, Josiah Martin, was not making captains out of anybody but Tories.  Gov. Martin issued a commission Jan. 10, 1776, to Alexander McLean to appoint officers to recruit men to cooperate with the British general, Sir Henry Clinton, and to march them in a body to Brunswick by Feb. 15, 1776.  The men so authorized by McLean were Allen Stewart, Allen MacDonald, Donald MacDonald, Alexander McLeod, Donald McLeod, Alexander MacLean, William Campbell, Alexander McDonald and Neill McArthur, of Cumberland and Anson counties.  The men named Stewart in the Tory force defeated in the battle of Moore's Bridge and captured were William, Donald, quartermaster of Col. Rutherford's regiment; Kenneth, lieutenant in Capt. Stuart's company; and Alexander, captain of a company of 30 men.  The surname of Donald, Kenneth and Alexander was spelled Stuart.  They were picked up after the battle.  Some of the prisoners were sent to jail at Halifax, the new state's capital, where, if they took a pledge not to bear arms against the state again, they were soon discharged:  these were the officers who had not fled.  The ordinary soldiers were given a lecture and then told to go home and mind their business.  A few intransigents among the highlanders -- or a few low-down natives who hated the well-to-do -- kept up the quarrel, however, by marauding and burning houses, until bad men and good alike decided to go some place else.  The province of Florida, which extended westward to the French-held province of Louisiana, belonged at that time to England, but it did not join the other thirteen colonies in the Revolution, and at the conclusion of the peace in 1783 England traded it back to Spain, the prior owner to 1763.  Both England and Spain, during their tenure, sold lands in what is now the lower part of the state of Mississippi (then West Florida) to every Tom, Dick and Harry who showed up.  An English grant of 200 acres on a branch of Boyd's Creek 12 miles northeast of Natchez, made at Pensacola Nov. 9, 1777, to Alexander McIntosh, adjoined a tract of land already granted to Patrick Stuart.*  One of the signers of a memorial to Con- [continued after footnote]



* MISSISSIPPI COURT RECORDS, 1767-1805, Mae Wilson McBee collection, book F, p.220.  There is no identification of this Patrick Stuart, who was probably from Savannah, Ga., or St. Augustine.


[continued from above] -gress* Dec. 15, 1815, by the inhabitants west of Pearl river in regard to claims based on English land grants was Walter Stewart.  "Patrick19 Stuart never married," related the sketch quoted by Mrs. D. W. Pipes of New Orleans.  "He was a Tory in the Revolution and was a captain in the British army.  He spelled his name Stuart, but his half-brother Duncan, who strongly differed with him politically, spelled his name Stewart.  Some of his descendants probably settled in Mississippi."  Some of this may be true.  MEMOIRS of MISSISSIPPI, 1891, said that "Patrick Stuart was progenitor of Capt. Madison Bachelor of Vicksburg, Miss., who is representative of that family, being great-great-grandson of Patrick."  Well, anyway, Patrick Stewart of Bladen+ county dated his will Dec. 14, 1777, and William Cromartie, Alexander Carmichael and John Doane were witnesses.  "It is my request that my sister Margaret should be put in possession of two Negro men of the name Will and Josh and a black horse named Tom," Patrick wrote.  "It is my wish and request that if an infant of which Jemima Matthews is now pregnant should prove to be a boy to be put in possession of 50 pounds; if a girl, 30 pounds, which sum my executor, David Bailey, to see expended for the benefit of a child education."  The rest of his estate was to be divided equally among his sister Ann and brothers Duncan and James.  "I do make, constitute and appoint my father, William Stewart, David Bailey and William Cromartie executors of this my last will and testament."  Patrick was dead by Aug. 22, 1778, when his father made his will and bequeathed 50 pounds "to my grandson William Stewart if he does not receive any of his father's property."  The father, William, was one of Patrick's executors.  Child of Patrick19 by Jemima Matthews:++

    Walter, c.1778                       : perhaps went to Mississippi


Duncan19 Stewart (William18, Alexander17, Patrick16), born about 1752 probably in Sampson [then Duplin] County, North Carolina, was named, with his mother Janette and David Bailey, executor of his father's will, dated Aug. 22, 1778, and, with his brothers James and Charles, was given tracts of land in New Hanover, Sampson and Bladen counties.  "He was sympathetic to the colonial cause during the Revolution," a descendant told a writer for MEMOIR OF MISSISSIPPI, 1891.  He was of Bladen County when he bought Mar. 28, 1787, of Griffith Jones White, for 600 pounds, 350 acres of land on the northeast side of the northwest branch of Cape Fear river in Bladen county.  In the census of 1790 Duncan Stewart, esq., 3-0-6 (3m>16, 0m<16, 6f), was enumerated in New Hanover county, owning thirty Negroes.  This might mean that his brothers James and Charles, both over 16 years of age, and his mother and five sisters were members of his household.  In 1791 he was granted land on Beaverdam Swamp in Bladen [Columbus] County, and also on South river.  He deeded Oct. 7, 1795, to Ever Currie of New Hanover County, for 20 pounds, 150 acres of land on Little Coharie Creek in Sampson County, which he had bought Mar. 25, 1795, of Lewis Williamson, witnesses to the deed being James Stewart and Alexander Currie.  Duncan Stewart married in Wake County -- probably at Raleigh -- Penelope Jones, the marriage bond being signed Oct. 19, 1797, with John Haywood as fellow bondsman.  Penelope was a daughter of Tingnall Jones, a wealthy land-owner.  "Duncan and his brother James emigrated (sic) to Tennessee about 1797 and settled at Clarksville, Montgomery county," a descendant related.  He became a historic figure, and further account of him and [continued after footnotes]




+ Olds' NORTH CAROLINA WILLS, 1760-1800, gave this will as having been probated in Jones County, but that is a mistake.  Like other blunders, it will worry searchers for years and years.

++ The fact that James Stewart, son of Charles and Hannah (Kirk) Stewart of Wake (in the part formerly Cumberland) county, =E:239, married Elizabeth Matthews opens a field of conjecture.


[continued from above] his descendants would be superfluous.  He was colonel of militia, a member of the Tennessee state legislature and a very wealthy planter.  Stewart county, formed from the western part of Montgomery County in 1804, was named in honor of Col. Duncan Stewart.  After his removal to Wilkinson (taken in 1802 from Adams) County, Mississippi, about 1810 he became a leading figure in the territory, surveyor general and lieutenant governor.  For data of his family see Stewart Clan Magazine, C:189.


James19 Stewart (William18, Alexander17, Patrick16), born about 1755, married (1) about 1792 Catherine Nolan (or Knowlan), according to accounts.  He was given a share of his father's lands in William's will in 1778 while perhaps a minor.  He lived for awhile in Sampson county, for in a deed dated Apr. 28, 1798, by Charles Stewart, attorney for Duncan Stewart of Montgomery County, Tennessee, to George Devan it described the land being conveyed as a 200-acre farm in Sampson County "whereon James Stewart formerly lived" on Jumping Run, which had been patented Dec. 22, 1770, by William Stewart when it was in New Hanover County.  James went to Montgomery County, Tennessee, about 1800 with his brother Duncan and "a large number of immigrants from North Carolina."  He bought Oct. 20, 1800, of Charles Stewart, for $500, 800 acres of land (on the West fork of Red River), part of a 1000-acre grant made Dec. 15, 1783, to David Jones for his services as a corporal in the Continental line of North Carolina, and sold Jan. 20, 1797, by William Jones of Glasgow [now Greene] County, North Carolina, brother of David, to Charles Stewart of Bladen County "for a valuable consideration."* James bought Mar. 14, 1809, of Charles Stewart of Montgomery County, for $100, 136 acres of land along the West fork of Red River, adjoining the land of Charles G. Stewart.  Charles G. Stewart was a second cousin of James19 and Charles, as shown here:


                                                              Alexander17 Stewart, laird of Lecreich

                                                                             |  m. Catherine Stewart


                                |                                                                             |

                            Patrick18                                                            William18

               ________ |_____                                     _______________|__________

              |             |               |                                   |                |                |                 |

        Charles    James    Elizabeth19                    Patrick     Duncan     James19     Charles

                                           |  m. James Stewart


            |              |            |                    |                   |

     Catherine   James   Elizabeth     Margaret     Charles G.20


NOTE FROM THE TRANSCRIBER (Jared): As you can see, Edson’s pedigree does not show Charles G. Stewart as a second cousin of James and Charles.  Rather, it shows him as their first cousin once removed.  Edson either made a mistake, or else he was using a different system of describing cousin relationships.


Catherine, wife of James19, died, and he married (2) Jane ______.  He died in 1818 while on a visit to Mississippi and was buried near his sister Elizabeth on the Ventress Plantation in Wilkinson County.  Later most of his children located there.  See Stewart Clan Magazine, E:237.


Charles19 Stewart (William18, Alexander17, Patrick16), born about 1760 in Sampson or Bladen county, North Carolina, received a share in his father's lands by the latter's will, Aug. 22, 1778.  He married in Wake county (bond Apr. 11, 1798) Mary (Polly) Jones, daughter of Tingnall and Penelope Jones.  He moved to Montgomery County, Tennessee, with his brother, where he bought Jan. 20, 1797, of William Jones 1000 acres of land on the West fork of Red river.  He sold 800 acres of this tract Oct. 20, 1800, to James Stewart.  As attorney for Duncan Stewart he made a journey back to North Carolina and sold Apr. 28, 1798, to George Devan two tracts of their father's land in Sampson County.  He was appointed Oct. 15, 1810, guardian of his son Tingnall Jones Stewart, to care for the property which was left to the boy [continued after footnotes]



* This meant some kind of a trade.  David Jones was probably related to Tingnall Jones of Wake County, N.C., father-in-law of Duncan and Charles Stewart.  David Jones of New Hanover County, N.C., gave power-of-attorney Feb. 23, 1809, to Duncan Stewart, esq., to sell some land near Spring Creek in Montgomery County.  A David Jones was an early settler of Calloway County, Ky., =E:152.


[continued from above] by the will of his grandfather, Tingnall Jones of Wake county, dated Aug. 26, 1807.  All we need to establish in this article is that Charles19 Stewart, brother of Duncan19, was not Charles, Jr., to whom he deeded land on the north side of the West Fork of Red River on Jam. 14, 1803; nor the Charles Stuart of Adams County, Mississippi, who, on June 23, 1803, gave power-of-attorney to Samuel Neely to sell land in Davidson County; nor yet Charles G. Stewart, whose land on the West fork of Red river adjoined a tract which he sold Mar. 14, 1809, to James Stewart.  One of these three Charleses died before the July term of court, 1817, and -- later than that -- May 2, 1818, James Stewart, attorney for Charles Stewart, "now of Wilkinson County, Mississippi Territory," deed to Thomas Watson, for $13,000, 1630 acres of land on the Big West Fork of Red River, and two days later, May 4, 1818, James, in the same capacity, conveyed 150 acres on the Big West Fork to Stephen Pettus; also he sold 160 acres, formerly Brantley's Plantation, on the south side of Red River, to James B. Reynolds of Clarksville,* who already had possession, for $700.  "Charles Stewart, who was a twin brother of Duncan, is buried at the Ventress place one mile north of the old Stewart estate in Wilkinson County, Miss."  Only identified child:

Tingnall Jones            : his father was appointed his guardian Oct. 15, 1810

 Edson continued with our Stewarts in SCM Tome G pp.194-196 (April 1957, vol. 34, no. 10):


                             Stewarts in the Cape Fear Section of North Carolina

                                            Continued from page 192


James20 Stuart (Elizabeth19, Patrick18, Alexander17, Patrick16), born in Sep. 23, 1767, "on Cape Fear River in North Carolina," married in Natchez, Mississippi [then West Florida], May 25, 1796, Lucretia Calvit, who was born Aug. 6, 1778, daughter of Frederick [and Mary] Calvit, =E:235.  The name was not Calvert, as spelled on page 188, but Calvet, or Calvitt, of French origin, as ascertained by Mrs. E. Kittredge Sims of Shreveport, La., a descendant.  The family record said that James Stuart was a son of James and Elizabeth Stuart, which clinches his parentage.  How he got from the place of his birth to the place of his marriage, at the age of 28 years, is a mystery.  It would seem that his father, who owned several tracts of land in Robeson County, North Carolina, died before the abrogation of the English law of primogeniture by the state of North Carolina, for the younger James assumed title to the land and, excepting what his mother had sued for and got, he sold it Aug. 20, 1800, to Thomas Carraway (his brother-in-law) and Charles Stewart.  His son James Duncan21 Stuart was called godson in the will of John Roberts of Adams County, Mississippi, dated Nov. 15, 1802, who gave him, after the death of his wife Mary Roberts, several slaves and other property which Roberts had inherited from his grandfather, William Duncan of Culpeper County, Virginia.  Roberts' wife Mary was the widow of Frederick Calvit, father of Lucretia.  James20 Stuart died Sep. 24, 1824, aged 78 years, at his plantation in Wilkinson County, Mississippi, and Lucretia died July 11, 1832.  A list of their children was given in the Stewart Clan Magazine, tome E, page 236.


Charles20 Stuart (Elizabeth19, Patrick18, Alexander17, Patrick16), born about 1775 in Cumberland or Robeson County, North Carolina, apparently was living with his mother in Robeson County when the census of 1790 was taken.  He and Thomas Carraway of Cumberland county bought Aug, 20, 1800, of James Stuart of Adams County, Mississippi Territory, for $2000, 960 acres of land in Robeson County in various tracts -- 300 acres on the upper or south side of Drowning Creek which John Cole had conveyed Jan. 9, 1779, "to James Stuart, Senr., father of the above-named James"; 300 acres on the north side of Ashpole Swamp at a branch called the Mill Branch which John Cole had conveyed Jan. 9, 1779, to James Stuart, sr.; 160 acres on the north side of Ashpole swamp which Jesse Boward had sold Sep. 17, 1777, to James Stuart, sr.; 100 acres on the west side of Drowning Creek* and on the north side of Ashpole Swamp, granted Nov. 12, 1779, to James Stuart, sr., and adjoining the other tract; 100 acres on the east side of Ashpole swamp on the Bane Island, granted Nov. 11, 1779, to James Stuart, sr., adjoining his other tract; and 100 acres on the east side of Ashpole Swamp granted Oct. 10, 1787,+ to James Stuart, sr.  The witnesses to the deed were James Carraway, Hugh McLachlan and C. S. Carraway, the last evidently being Charles Stewart Carraway, protégé of his grandfather, Patrick Stewart.  Charles, signing his name Charles G. Stuart, and Thomas Carraway of Cumberland County deeded May 2, 1801, three of these tracts -- 300 acres -- to Giles Williams for $1000, and deeded the other three tracts -- 360 acres -- to Absalom Williams for $1000, the witnesses to both deeds being George Moore and Benjamin Lee.  It is highly probable that Charles Stuart, Thomas Carraway and William Jordan, accompanied by the aging Elizabeth Stuart, then moved to Montgomery County, Tennessee.  Elizabeth Stewart, whose identity is uncertain, signed a bill of sale, or receipt, dated July 24, 1801, to James Stewart for $600 "in full satisfaction for a negro woman called Dinah, about 16 years old, and a negro boy."++  Her signature was witnessed by John Stewart and Penny Stewart -- evidently Penelope, wife of Duncan -- and the document was recorded in will book A, page 166, Montgomery County.  On Jan. 24, 1803, Charles Stewart, sr., deeded to Charles Stewart, jr., for $154, 62 acres of land on the north side of the West Fork of Red River.  Charles, brother of Duncan, was hardly old enough to be the father of Charles, jr., and other deeds of land in the neighborhood, a little way north of Clarksville, indicate that this 62-acre tract belonged to Charles G. Stewart, thus making him the same man as Charles, junior.  Now, Charles may have gone to Mississippi that summer to be with his older brother James, for on June 23, 1803, Charles Stuart of Adams County, Mississippi, signed a letter-of-attorney empowering Samuel Neely of Davidson County to sell his land.  The land in question may have been the 640 acres in Davidson County on the southwest side of Big Harpeth River on the waters of the Sulphur Fork of Jones Creek (in Dickson County after 1803), adjoining the lands of Benjamin Thompson and Duncan Stewart, which Charles had been granted May 6, 1797, as assignee of Richard Lewis, one of the guard to the commissioners for laying off land allotted the officers and soldiers of the North Carolina Continental Line, the grant being recorded in Montgomery County (deed book A, page 541).  Presumably Charles Stuart remained in Mississippi.  The tradition that he joined the patriots in Mexico does not tell what time.  The rebellion there against the rule of Spain commenced in 1810 and dragged on for ten or twelve years.  Texas belonged to the United States as part of the Lou- [continued after footnote]



* Little Peedee River was sometimes called Drowning Creek.  In later years, after maps were revised, the name seemed to apply only to the upper course of Lumber (Indian, Lumbee) River.


+ The dates of these state grants prove that James Stuart, the elder, had not fled the state because of any antipathy for the Revolution or, if he had, somebody was acting in his behalf in the interest of his wife and children.  Considering the clan spirit of the Scottish Highlanders, it is easy to conjecture that Duncan Stewart, or one of his brothers, attended to business matters affecting the security and comfort of Elizabeth, who was his cousin.  James Stuart, husband of Elizabeth and said to have been her cousin through some link of consanguinity, may have left his wife for reasons more intimate than difference of opinion of the character of King George III.  Elizabeth's father may have disliked him.


++ In the census of 1790, Robeson County, N.C., Elizabeth Stewart did have one negro slave.



[continued from above] -isiana purchase from France, 1803, until 1819, when it was ceded to Spain, so if our wandering boy went to fight the Spaniards he must have gone deeper than Texas.  He was perhaps influenced in childhood by the example of his father, and he never came home.  It was his property, no doubt, in Montgomery County, Tennessee, for which Thomas Carraway and William Jordan were appointed administrators in 1817, for a man is pronounced legally dead if not seen or heard from in seven years.  At a sale of "the property belonging to the estate of Charles Stewart, deceased," Christopher Stump bought three bales of cotton, Charles Meriwether and Richard Overton bought quite a few items, and Thomas Carraway bought nearly everything else.  If Charles had a wife or child their identification is lacking.  Cf. Charles, =B:171.

Other Balquhidder Stewart References

Stewarts of Londonderry NH

Edson also included plenty of material the Stewarts of Londonderry, N.H., and Colrain, Mass., but as mentioned above, he never knew they were a branch of the Stewarts of Gartnafuaran.  I decided not to include Edson's information on these Stewarts, mainly because it would have required far too much work to transcribe that information, but also because almost everything he said about these Stewarts (except for his occasional erroneous speculations about their origins) was duplicated from B. Frank Severance’s 1905 family history of that family.

Stewarts of Kinnachin Notes

The next time that my photocopies show Edson mentioning the Stewarts of Balquhidder is in SCM Tome D pp.126-127 (January 1940, vol. xvii, no. 7):



The original Stewart of Kinnachin, a property in Strath Tummel, Perthshire, Scotland, descended from John, "brother to Robert and Alexander, predecessors to Fincastle and Foss, &c., grandson to David, son to Garth."  John was apparently father of Niel Stewart of KinnachinNiel had four sons -- John, James, William and Robert.  This was learned by James K. Stewart, editor of The Stewarts, and published in that magazine about 1922, 4:256.  John of Kinnachin married Barbara _____ and died in 1658, leaving his estate to his nephew Niel, son of his brother, James Stewart of Ardittie.  Some years before his death John Stewart of Kinnachin joined with other Stewart lairds in Atholl (such as the predecessors of Bonskeid, Clunie, Duntaulich, Fincastle, Sir Gilbert Stewart of Polcack, Foss, Balnakillie, &c.) in signing a "bond of association" with the Stewarts of Appin and the Stewarts of Balquhidder, or the southwest district of Perthshire, at the burn of Keltney in 1654, in tacit support of King Charles II.  Duncan Stewart, fiar of Appin, and James Stewart in Appin signed the bond, as did James Stewart of Ardvorlich, John Stewart of Annat and Duncan Stewart, his son, predecessor in Ballachalan, John Stewart, predecessor to Glenbucky, Walter Stewart, predecessor to Gartnafuaroe, Robert Stewart, predecessor to Hyndfield, &c.

This final reference to our Stewarts in my photocopies of SCM appears in Tome H p.265 (Dec.1962, vol. 40, no. 6).  It repeats the information that first appeared in SCM (Jan. 1940, above) p.127, only this time we have a direct quote from Duncan Stewart’s history:


                             Stewarts in Orange County, New York

                                            Continued from page 264


. . . Duncan Stewart, in his genealogy of the Stewarts, 1739, said that James14 Stewart, third in descent from Neil12 Stewart of Kinnachin, Perthshire; "was the last that possessed Kinnachin.  His son was Robert, father of Alexander, musician in Edinburgh, who has purchased the easter part of Kinnaird.  John13 Stewart of Kinnachin signed, with several gentlemen of the name of Stewart in Athole (such as the predecessors of Bonskeid, Clunie, Duntaulich, Fincastle, Sir Gilbert Stewart of Polcack, Foss, Balnakillie &c.), a bond of association with the Stewarts of Appin and those of Balquhidder, or the southwest district of Perthshire.  This bond is dated at the burn of Keltney, anno 1654.  Duncan Stewart, fiar of Appin, and James Stewart there, signed this bond, as did James Stewart of Ardvorlich, John Stewart of Annat and Duncan Stewart, his son, predecessor in Ballachalan, John Stewart, predecessor to Glenbucky, Walter Stewart, predecessor to Gartnafuaroe, Robert Stewart predecessor to Hyndfield, &c." . . . .

And with that, we come to the end of my transcription of the information on our Stewart families in my photocopies of Stewart Clan Magazine.

Jared Linn Olar (11th in descent from “Walter Stewart, predecessor to Gartnafuaroe”)